Thermodynamic description of dilution and dissolution processes in the mgcl2−cscl−h2o ternary system

Valeriia Baranauskaite, Maria Belysheva, Olga Pestova, Yuri Anufrikov, Mikhail Skripkin, Yuri Kondratiev, Vassily Khripun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thermodynamic data on the properties of the water-based electrolyte systems are very valuable for fundamental physical chemistry and for industrial applications. The missing data both on the dilution and dissolution enthalpies for the ternary CsCl−MgCl2−H2O mixed electrolyte system were investigated by means of the calorimetry method. The dilution calorimetry was performed at 298 K for the set of solutions from diluted to concentrated at constant ratio Cs+/Mg2+= 1.8. The relative partial molar enthalpies, ideal, total, and excess ones were calculated. By means of the dissolution calorimetry, the standard enthalpies of formation, the enthalpies, and entropies for the double salt formation from simple salts were evaluated. The results obtained indicate that entropy as the major factor affecting the formation of the joint compound, both in the liquid and solid phases. These data can be implemented in thermodynamic databases and allow for accurate thermodynamic calculations for the salts extraction from natural water sources and for its possible application as thermochemical energy storage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4047
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2021

Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Carnallite like salts
  • Double salts
  • Heats of dilution
  • Heats of dissolution
  • Relative partial molar properties
  • X-ray crystallography

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