Thermal Behavior and Phase Transition of Uric Acid and Its Dihydrate Form, the Common Biominerals Uricite and Tinnunculite

Alina R. Izatulina, Vladislav V. Gurzhiy, Maria G. Krzhizhanovskaya, Nikita V. Chukanov, Taras L. Panikorovskii

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

Single crystals and powder samples of uric acid and uric acid dihydrate, known as uricite and tinnunculite biominerals, were extracted from renal stones and studied using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (SC and PXRD) at various temperatures, as well as IR spectroscopy. The results of high-temperature PXRD experiments revealed that the structure of uricite is stable up to 380 degrees C, and then it loses crystallinity. The crystal structure of tinnunculite is relatively stable up to 40 degrees C, whereas above this temperature, rapid release of H2O molecules occurs followed by the direct transition to uricite phase without intermediate hydration states. SCXRD studies and IR spectroscopy data confirmed the similarity of uricite and tinnunculite crystal structures. SCXRD at low temperatures allowed us to determine the dynamics of the unit cells induced by temperature variations. The thermal behavior of uricite and tinnunculite is essentially anisotropic; the structures not only expand, but also contract with temperature increase. The maximal expansion occurs along the unit cell parameter of 7 angstrom (b in uricite and a in tinnunculite) as a result of the shifts of chains of H-bonded uric acid molecules and relaxation of the pi-stacking forces, the weakest intermolecular interactions in these structures. The strongest contraction in the structure of uricite occurs perpendicular to the (101) plane, which is due to the orthogonalization of the monoclinic angle. The structure of tinnunculite also contracts along the [010] direction, which is mostly due to the stretching mechanism of the uric acid chains. These phase transitions that occur within the range of physiological temperatures emphasize the particular importance of the structural studies within the urate system, due to their importance in terms of human health. The removal of supersaturation in uric acid in urine at the initial stages of stone formation can occur due to the formation of metastable uric acid dihydrate in accordance with the Ostwald rule, which would serve as a nucleus for the subsequent growth of the stone at further formation stages; afterward, it irreversibly dehydrates into anhydrous uric acid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number373
JournalMinerals
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

Cite this

@article{fb4ba80c2e2d45f2af3edcff4f072bb7,
title = "Thermal Behavior and Phase Transition of Uric Acid and Its Dihydrate Form, the Common Biominerals Uricite and Tinnunculite",
abstract = "Single crystals and powder samples of uric acid and uric acid dihydrate, known as uricite and tinnunculite biominerals, were extracted from renal stones and studied using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (SC and PXRD) at various temperatures, as well as IR spectroscopy. The results of high-temperature PXRD experiments revealed that the structure of uricite is stable up to 380 degrees C, and then it loses crystallinity. The crystal structure of tinnunculite is relatively stable up to 40 degrees C, whereas above this temperature, rapid release of H2O molecules occurs followed by the direct transition to uricite phase without intermediate hydration states. SCXRD studies and IR spectroscopy data confirmed the similarity of uricite and tinnunculite crystal structures. SCXRD at low temperatures allowed us to determine the dynamics of the unit cells induced by temperature variations. The thermal behavior of uricite and tinnunculite is essentially anisotropic; the structures not only expand, but also contract with temperature increase. The maximal expansion occurs along the unit cell parameter of 7 angstrom (b in uricite and a in tinnunculite) as a result of the shifts of chains of H-bonded uric acid molecules and relaxation of the pi-stacking forces, the weakest intermolecular interactions in these structures. The strongest contraction in the structure of uricite occurs perpendicular to the (101) plane, which is due to the orthogonalization of the monoclinic angle. The structure of tinnunculite also contracts along the [010] direction, which is mostly due to the stretching mechanism of the uric acid chains. These phase transitions that occur within the range of physiological temperatures emphasize the particular importance of the structural studies within the urate system, due to their importance in terms of human health. The removal of supersaturation in uric acid in urine at the initial stages of stone formation can occur due to the formation of metastable uric acid dihydrate in accordance with the Ostwald rule, which would serve as a nucleus for the subsequent growth of the stone at further formation stages; afterward, it irreversibly dehydrates into anhydrous uric acid.",
keywords = "uric acid, uric acid dihydrate, uricite, tinnunculite, biomineral, renal stone, crystal structure, X-ray diffraction, thermal expansion, IR spectroscopy, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, ORGANIC MINERALS, EXPANSION, OXALATE",
author = "Izatulina, {Alina R.} and Gurzhiy, {Vladislav V.} and Krzhizhanovskaya, {Maria G.} and Chukanov, {Nikita V.} and Panikorovskii, {Taras L.}",
note = "Izatulina, A.R.; Gurzhiy, V.V.; Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G.; Chukanov, N.V.; Panikorovskii, T.L. Thermal Behavior and Phase Transition of Uric Acid and Its Dihydrate Form, the Common Biominerals Uricite and Tinnunculite. Minerals 2019, 9, 373.",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.3390/min9060373",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Minerals",
issn = "2075-163X",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal Behavior and Phase Transition of Uric Acid and Its Dihydrate Form, the Common Biominerals Uricite and Tinnunculite

AU - Izatulina, Alina R.

AU - Gurzhiy, Vladislav V.

AU - Krzhizhanovskaya, Maria G.

AU - Chukanov, Nikita V.

AU - Panikorovskii, Taras L.

N1 - Izatulina, A.R.; Gurzhiy, V.V.; Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G.; Chukanov, N.V.; Panikorovskii, T.L. Thermal Behavior and Phase Transition of Uric Acid and Its Dihydrate Form, the Common Biominerals Uricite and Tinnunculite. Minerals 2019, 9, 373.

PY - 2019/6/15

Y1 - 2019/6/15

N2 - Single crystals and powder samples of uric acid and uric acid dihydrate, known as uricite and tinnunculite biominerals, were extracted from renal stones and studied using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (SC and PXRD) at various temperatures, as well as IR spectroscopy. The results of high-temperature PXRD experiments revealed that the structure of uricite is stable up to 380 degrees C, and then it loses crystallinity. The crystal structure of tinnunculite is relatively stable up to 40 degrees C, whereas above this temperature, rapid release of H2O molecules occurs followed by the direct transition to uricite phase without intermediate hydration states. SCXRD studies and IR spectroscopy data confirmed the similarity of uricite and tinnunculite crystal structures. SCXRD at low temperatures allowed us to determine the dynamics of the unit cells induced by temperature variations. The thermal behavior of uricite and tinnunculite is essentially anisotropic; the structures not only expand, but also contract with temperature increase. The maximal expansion occurs along the unit cell parameter of 7 angstrom (b in uricite and a in tinnunculite) as a result of the shifts of chains of H-bonded uric acid molecules and relaxation of the pi-stacking forces, the weakest intermolecular interactions in these structures. The strongest contraction in the structure of uricite occurs perpendicular to the (101) plane, which is due to the orthogonalization of the monoclinic angle. The structure of tinnunculite also contracts along the [010] direction, which is mostly due to the stretching mechanism of the uric acid chains. These phase transitions that occur within the range of physiological temperatures emphasize the particular importance of the structural studies within the urate system, due to their importance in terms of human health. The removal of supersaturation in uric acid in urine at the initial stages of stone formation can occur due to the formation of metastable uric acid dihydrate in accordance with the Ostwald rule, which would serve as a nucleus for the subsequent growth of the stone at further formation stages; afterward, it irreversibly dehydrates into anhydrous uric acid.

AB - Single crystals and powder samples of uric acid and uric acid dihydrate, known as uricite and tinnunculite biominerals, were extracted from renal stones and studied using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (SC and PXRD) at various temperatures, as well as IR spectroscopy. The results of high-temperature PXRD experiments revealed that the structure of uricite is stable up to 380 degrees C, and then it loses crystallinity. The crystal structure of tinnunculite is relatively stable up to 40 degrees C, whereas above this temperature, rapid release of H2O molecules occurs followed by the direct transition to uricite phase without intermediate hydration states. SCXRD studies and IR spectroscopy data confirmed the similarity of uricite and tinnunculite crystal structures. SCXRD at low temperatures allowed us to determine the dynamics of the unit cells induced by temperature variations. The thermal behavior of uricite and tinnunculite is essentially anisotropic; the structures not only expand, but also contract with temperature increase. The maximal expansion occurs along the unit cell parameter of 7 angstrom (b in uricite and a in tinnunculite) as a result of the shifts of chains of H-bonded uric acid molecules and relaxation of the pi-stacking forces, the weakest intermolecular interactions in these structures. The strongest contraction in the structure of uricite occurs perpendicular to the (101) plane, which is due to the orthogonalization of the monoclinic angle. The structure of tinnunculite also contracts along the [010] direction, which is mostly due to the stretching mechanism of the uric acid chains. These phase transitions that occur within the range of physiological temperatures emphasize the particular importance of the structural studies within the urate system, due to their importance in terms of human health. The removal of supersaturation in uric acid in urine at the initial stages of stone formation can occur due to the formation of metastable uric acid dihydrate in accordance with the Ostwald rule, which would serve as a nucleus for the subsequent growth of the stone at further formation stages; afterward, it irreversibly dehydrates into anhydrous uric acid.

KW - uric acid

KW - uric acid dihydrate

KW - uricite

KW - tinnunculite

KW - biomineral

KW - renal stone

KW - crystal structure

KW - X-ray diffraction

KW - thermal expansion

KW - IR spectroscopy

KW - CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE

KW - ORGANIC MINERALS

KW - EXPANSION

KW - OXALATE

U2 - 10.3390/min9060373

DO - 10.3390/min9060373

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Minerals

JF - Minerals

SN - 2075-163X

IS - 6

M1 - 373

ER -