Forest resource is the most important natural resource. The Leningrad Region is one of the most developed subjects of the Russian Federation according to economic indicators. Logging, wood processing and timber exports are carried out in the region due to the reserves of forest resources. The consumption of forest resources should not exceed the productive natural forces. Improving forest management, ensuring rational use of forests, maintaining the ecological potential of the forest fund are essential aims. The solution of above-mentioned problems is especially important for the Leningrad region because forest resources occupy 55% of its territory. The aim of the work is to study the state and to analyze the forest resources storage as well as develop recommendations for their rational use in the territory of the Leningrad Region. It was revealed that the area of the forest fund and the timber stock have increased in the whole during recent years. In general forest recovering has positive trends in the region. The recreational facilities are represented widely and diversely in the Leningrad region. That’s why there is possibility to derive income from the forest resource usage for the recreational purposes in case of full preservation of the ecological balance of the region. The main factors causing weakening and death of plantations are forest fires as well as anthropogenic factors: unauthorized logging, violation of the forest management technology, excessive recreational load. The transition of the Leningrad region to sustainable forest management is necessary. Since this type of management means such type of the forest resource management and the natural usage which allow to keep either timber productivity or their ecological functions, aesthetic and recreational value, biological and landscape diversity.