The spectrum of pathogenic variants of the ATP7B gene in Wilson disease in the Russian Federation

Mariya S. Balashova, Inna G. Tuluzanovskaya, Oleg S. Glotov, Andrey S. Glotov, Yury A. Barbitoff, Mikhail A. Fedyakov, Diana A. Alaverdian, Tatiana E. Ivashchenko, Olga V. Romanova, Andrey M. Sarana, Sergey G. Scherbak, Vladislav S. Baranov, Marat I. Filimonov, Anatoly V. Skalny, Natalya A. Zhuchenko, Tatiana M. Ignatova, Aliy Y. Asanov

Research output

Abstract

Background. Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene resulting in copper accumulation in different organs. However, data on ATP7B mutation spectrum in Russia and worldwide are insufficient and contradictory. The objective of the present study was estimation of the frequency of ATP7B gene mutations in the Russian population of WD patients. Materials and methods. 75 WDpatients were examined by next-generation sequencing (NGS). A targeted panel NimbleGen SeqCap EZ Choice: 151012_HG38_CysFib_EZ_HX3 (ROCHE)was designed for analysis of ATP7B gene and possible modifier genes. Retrospective assessment of a diagnostic WD score (Leipzig, 2001) was also performed. Results. 31 mutations in ATP7B gene were detected. Two most frequent mutations were c.3207C > A (51,85% of alleles) and c.3190 G > A (8,64% of alleles). Single rare mutations were detected in 29% of cases. In 96% cases mutations of both copies of the ATP7B were revealed. We also observed 3 novel potentially pathogenic variants which were not previously described (c.1870-8A > G, c.3655A > T (p.Ile1219Phe), c.3036dupC (p.Lys1013fs). For 25% of patients at the time of the manifestation the diagnosis WD could not be established using the earlier proposed diagnostic score. There was a remarkable delay in diagnosis for the majority of patients. Only 33% of patients WD was diagnosed in three months after the first symptoms, 29%patients - in 3–12 months, 30% – in 1–10 years, in 8% – more than 10 years. Generally, clinical appearance of WD may be rather variable at manifestation and genetic profiling at this step is the only way to confirm the presence of WD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126420
JournalJournal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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