Abstract

According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, potato is ranked the fourth crop in terms of food production after rice, wheat and maize, and the first among tuber and root crops. The importance of potato is difficult to overestimate; it is a valuable source of carbohydrates, antioxidants and vitamins. A large number of investigations are focused on the study of metabolic processes occurring in the potato plant in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for productivity, accumulation of the compounds that determine taste and nutritional quality, maintaining the quality of tubers in storage, plant resistance to pathogens, etc. The sum of the metabolites, which are produced as a result of the metabolic network activity, is defined as the metabolome. Complex studies of metabolic diversity with the use of modern state-of-the-art chromatography approaches and the highly precise detection of individual compounds revealed the specificity of metabolic spectra from the subcellular to the organismal levels and its amazing plasticity under the influence of a variety of internal and external stimuli. Metabolomic approaches are already in use for phenotyping the available species, lines, and varieties, as well as for evaluating the potato plants’ resistance to environmental challenges and for detecting changes in tubers during storage. Metabolome
profiling is widely employed to study differences between genetically modified forms of potatoes from their untransformed relatives. A limited number of systemic studies on potatoes combine metabolome investigations with genome, transcriptome, and proteome analysis. These studies point to the important role of the genome in determining metabolic rates. It is also obvious that the search for biochemical markers depends on standartization of the cultivation techniques, sample preparation and subsequent analysis, similar to the practice developed for the progress in genomic and transcriptomic studies. In the future, metabolome studies could complement the classical and molecular approaches to develop new potato strains and varieties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-123
Number of pages13
JournalRussian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{90f55e143303439da9de474e545d460a,
title = "The Perspectives of Metabolomic Studies of Potato Plants",
abstract = "According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, potato is ranked the fourth crop in terms of food production after rice, wheat and maize, and the first among tuber and root crops. The importance of potato is difficult to overestimate; it is a valuable source of carbohydrates, antioxidants and vitamins. A large number of investigations are focused on the study of metabolic processes occurring in the potato plant in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for productivity, accumulation of the compounds that determine taste and nutritional quality, maintaining the quality of tubers in storage, plant resistance to pathogens, etc. The sum of the metabolites, which are produced as a result of the metabolic network activity, is defined as the metabolome. Complex studies of metabolic diversity with the use of modern state-of-the-art chromatography approaches and the highly precise detection of individual compounds revealed the specificity of metabolic spectra from the subcellular to the organismal levels and its amazing plasticity under the influence of a variety of internal and external stimuli. Metabolomic approaches are already in use for phenotyping the available species, lines, and varieties, as well as for evaluating the potato plants’ resistance to environmental challenges and for detecting changes in tubers during storage. Metabolomeprofiling is widely employed to study differences between genetically modified forms of potatoes from their untransformed relatives. A limited number of systemic studies on potatoes combine metabolome investigations with genome, transcriptome, and proteome analysis. These studies point to the important role of the genome in determining metabolic rates. It is also obvious that the search for biochemical markers depends on standartization of the cultivation techniques, sample preparation and subsequent analysis, similar to the practice developed for the progress in genomic and transcriptomic studies. In the future, metabolome studies could complement the classical and molecular approaches to develop new potato strains and varieties.",
keywords = "potato, metabolomics, system biology, breeding",
author = "Пузанский, {Роман Константинович} and Емельянов, {Владислав Владимирович} and Гавриленко, {Татьяна Андреевна} and Шишова, {Мария Федоровна}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1134/S207905971707005X",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "112--123",
journal = "Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research",
issn = "2079-0597",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Perspectives of Metabolomic Studies of Potato Plants

AU - Пузанский, Роман Константинович

AU - Емельянов, Владислав Владимирович

AU - Гавриленко, Татьяна Андреевна

AU - Шишова, Мария Федоровна

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, potato is ranked the fourth crop in terms of food production after rice, wheat and maize, and the first among tuber and root crops. The importance of potato is difficult to overestimate; it is a valuable source of carbohydrates, antioxidants and vitamins. A large number of investigations are focused on the study of metabolic processes occurring in the potato plant in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for productivity, accumulation of the compounds that determine taste and nutritional quality, maintaining the quality of tubers in storage, plant resistance to pathogens, etc. The sum of the metabolites, which are produced as a result of the metabolic network activity, is defined as the metabolome. Complex studies of metabolic diversity with the use of modern state-of-the-art chromatography approaches and the highly precise detection of individual compounds revealed the specificity of metabolic spectra from the subcellular to the organismal levels and its amazing plasticity under the influence of a variety of internal and external stimuli. Metabolomic approaches are already in use for phenotyping the available species, lines, and varieties, as well as for evaluating the potato plants’ resistance to environmental challenges and for detecting changes in tubers during storage. Metabolomeprofiling is widely employed to study differences between genetically modified forms of potatoes from their untransformed relatives. A limited number of systemic studies on potatoes combine metabolome investigations with genome, transcriptome, and proteome analysis. These studies point to the important role of the genome in determining metabolic rates. It is also obvious that the search for biochemical markers depends on standartization of the cultivation techniques, sample preparation and subsequent analysis, similar to the practice developed for the progress in genomic and transcriptomic studies. In the future, metabolome studies could complement the classical and molecular approaches to develop new potato strains and varieties.

AB - According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, potato is ranked the fourth crop in terms of food production after rice, wheat and maize, and the first among tuber and root crops. The importance of potato is difficult to overestimate; it is a valuable source of carbohydrates, antioxidants and vitamins. A large number of investigations are focused on the study of metabolic processes occurring in the potato plant in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for productivity, accumulation of the compounds that determine taste and nutritional quality, maintaining the quality of tubers in storage, plant resistance to pathogens, etc. The sum of the metabolites, which are produced as a result of the metabolic network activity, is defined as the metabolome. Complex studies of metabolic diversity with the use of modern state-of-the-art chromatography approaches and the highly precise detection of individual compounds revealed the specificity of metabolic spectra from the subcellular to the organismal levels and its amazing plasticity under the influence of a variety of internal and external stimuli. Metabolomic approaches are already in use for phenotyping the available species, lines, and varieties, as well as for evaluating the potato plants’ resistance to environmental challenges and for detecting changes in tubers during storage. Metabolomeprofiling is widely employed to study differences between genetically modified forms of potatoes from their untransformed relatives. A limited number of systemic studies on potatoes combine metabolome investigations with genome, transcriptome, and proteome analysis. These studies point to the important role of the genome in determining metabolic rates. It is also obvious that the search for biochemical markers depends on standartization of the cultivation techniques, sample preparation and subsequent analysis, similar to the practice developed for the progress in genomic and transcriptomic studies. In the future, metabolome studies could complement the classical and molecular approaches to develop new potato strains and varieties.

KW - potato, metabolomics, system biology, breeding

U2 - 10.1134/S207905971707005X

DO - 10.1134/S207905971707005X

M3 - Review article

VL - 7

SP - 112

EP - 123

JO - Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research

JF - Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research

SN - 2079-0597

IS - 7

ER -