We have studied the ability of F9 teratocarcinoma cells to arrest in G1/S and G2/M checkpoints following gamma-irradiation. Wild-type p53 protein is rapidly accumulated in F9 cells after gamma-irradiation, however this is not followed by G1/S arrest; there is just a reversible delay of the cell cycle in G2/M. In order to elucidate the reasons of the lack of G1/S arrest in F9 cells we investigated the levels of regulatory cell cycle proteins: G1-cyclins, cyclin dependent kinases and kinase inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP1. We have shown that in spite of p53-dependent activation of p21WAF1/CIP1 promoter, p21WAF1/CIP1 protein is not revealed by different polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies, either by immunoblotting or by immunofluorescent staining. However, when cells are treated with specific proteasome inhibitor lactacystin, p21WAF1/CIP1 protein is revealed. We therefore suggest that p21WAF1/CIP1 protein is subjected to proteasome degradation in F9 cells and probably the lack of G1/S arrest after gamma-irradiation is due to this degradation. Thus, it is the combination of functionally active p53 with low level expression of p21WAF1/CIP1 that causes a short delay of the cell cycle progression in G2/M, rather than the G1-arrest after gamma-irradiation of F9 cells.
|Translated title of the contribution||The lack of G1/S arrest of teratocarcinoma F9 cells is determinated by degradation of cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitor p21waf1/cip1|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Aug 2000|
Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine