The impact of urban environmental factors on human health

Ekaterina Elsukova, Maria Lebedeva, Elena Gadzhieva, Olga Morozova

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

Urbanization is a global process most widely spread in the second half of the 20th century. In 2009, the urban population was equal to the size of the rural population and its importance is growing now. City conditions are so specific that at present some scientists note the excistance of processes that form a new adaptive type of man at the phenotypic level – urban type in addition to already existing high-mountainous, arctic, temperate latitudes and tropical types. The main groups of factors that affect the state of human health include: socio-economic, genetic, state of the environment and the state of medical care for the population. At the same time, the leading negative impact on the health of the population (according to various estimates up to 30%) is due to the impact of environmental factors.The atmosphere pollution, soils, surface and groundwater pollution, which serve as a source of drinking and household water, thermal, noise, radiation, electromagnetic and ionizing pollution, in their totality, have both direct and indirect impact on the health of the urban population. Examples of this impact are given in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
Volume17
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

urban population
environmental factor
Health
pollution
electromagnetic radiation
thermal water
groundwater pollution
rural population
drinking
Soil pollution
Groundwater pollution
urbanization
soil surface
Thermal noise
Ionizing radiation
Health care
Electromagnetic waves
atmosphere
Pollution
Economics

Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology
  • Ecology

Cite this

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title = "The impact of urban environmental factors on human health",
abstract = "Urbanization is a global process most widely spread in the second half of the 20th century. In 2009, the urban population was equal to the size of the rural population and its importance is growing now. City conditions are so specific that at present some scientists note the excistance of processes that form a new adaptive type of man at the phenotypic level – urban type in addition to already existing high-mountainous, arctic, temperate latitudes and tropical types. The main groups of factors that affect the state of human health include: socio-economic, genetic, state of the environment and the state of medical care for the population. At the same time, the leading negative impact on the health of the population (according to various estimates up to 30{\%}) is due to the impact of environmental factors.The atmosphere pollution, soils, surface and groundwater pollution, which serve as a source of drinking and household water, thermal, noise, radiation, electromagnetic and ionizing pollution, in their totality, have both direct and indirect impact on the health of the urban population. Examples of this impact are given in this article.",
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The impact of urban environmental factors on human health. / Elsukova, Ekaterina; Lebedeva, Maria; Gadzhieva, Elena; Morozova, Olga.

In: International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, Vol. 17, No. 52, 2017, p. 1005-1010.

Research outputpeer-review

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AU - Elsukova, Ekaterina

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AU - Gadzhieva, Elena

AU - Morozova, Olga

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AB - Urbanization is a global process most widely spread in the second half of the 20th century. In 2009, the urban population was equal to the size of the rural population and its importance is growing now. City conditions are so specific that at present some scientists note the excistance of processes that form a new adaptive type of man at the phenotypic level – urban type in addition to already existing high-mountainous, arctic, temperate latitudes and tropical types. The main groups of factors that affect the state of human health include: socio-economic, genetic, state of the environment and the state of medical care for the population. At the same time, the leading negative impact on the health of the population (according to various estimates up to 30%) is due to the impact of environmental factors.The atmosphere pollution, soils, surface and groundwater pollution, which serve as a source of drinking and household water, thermal, noise, radiation, electromagnetic and ionizing pollution, in their totality, have both direct and indirect impact on the health of the urban population. Examples of this impact are given in this article.

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