The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain

Alexander Makeev, Elena Aseyeva, Alexey Rusakov, Ksenia Sorokina, Tatiana Puzanova, Olga Khokhlova, Pavel Kust, Fatima Kurbanova, Timofey Chernov, Olga Kutovaya, Marina Lebedeva, Evgeniy Mihailov

Research output

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Landscape response to the Late Holocene climatic cycles was studied on the base of detailed morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil buried under fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (around 2000 yr. B.P) and a surface soil. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (mantle loam underlain by calcareous loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil has a complete profile that was influenced by human activity prior to the burial and subjected to diagenesis after the burial. In addition, both soils (Retisols) show similar morphology and key analytical features indicating close similarity of the landscapes in the study area that existed in the Early Iron Age and those that are present nowadays. Micro-biomorphic assemblages (phytoliths, pollen, microbial genes) support this conclusion. Landscape stability at the southern fringe of the forest zone makes it possible to establish the northern limit of the wide belt, which stretches out from dry steppe to northern forest-steppe, where landscape shifts influenced by the Late Holocene climatic cycles occurred. The features of the diagnostic horizons of the studied Retisols are indicators of stability in the studied time/space range. The study of microbial genes, which was performed in the studied soils for the first time, showed that both content and taxonomic structure of soil microbial communities, are promising paleoclimatic proxies as well as a record of diagenetic changes in buried soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-237
Number of pages20
JournalQuaternary International
Volume502
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Iron Age
paleosol
soil
Holocene
phytolith
forest-steppe
gene
loam
steppe
loess
diagenesis
microbial community
lithology
soil surface
human activity
pollen
mantle
plain

Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Makeev, Alexander ; Aseyeva, Elena ; Rusakov, Alexey ; Sorokina, Ksenia ; Puzanova, Tatiana ; Khokhlova, Olga ; Kust, Pavel ; Kurbanova, Fatima ; Chernov, Timofey ; Kutovaya, Olga ; Lebedeva, Marina ; Mihailov, Evgeniy. / The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain. In: Quaternary International. 2019 ; Vol. 502. pp. 218-237.
@article{c3f79329d26946439caefd7bac8c4195,
title = "The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain",
abstract = "Landscape response to the Late Holocene climatic cycles was studied on the base of detailed morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil buried under fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (around 2000 yr. B.P) and a surface soil. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (mantle loam underlain by calcareous loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil has a complete profile that was influenced by human activity prior to the burial and subjected to diagenesis after the burial. In addition, both soils (Retisols) show similar morphology and key analytical features indicating close similarity of the landscapes in the study area that existed in the Early Iron Age and those that are present nowadays. Micro-biomorphic assemblages (phytoliths, pollen, microbial genes) support this conclusion. Landscape stability at the southern fringe of the forest zone makes it possible to establish the northern limit of the wide belt, which stretches out from dry steppe to northern forest-steppe, where landscape shifts influenced by the Late Holocene climatic cycles occurred. The features of the diagnostic horizons of the studied Retisols are indicators of stability in the studied time/space range. The study of microbial genes, which was performed in the studied soils for the first time, showed that both content and taxonomic structure of soil microbial communities, are promising paleoclimatic proxies as well as a record of diagenetic changes in buried soils.",
keywords = "Ancient settlement, Broadleaf forest, Late Holocene, Microbial genes, Paleosol, Retisol, RECORDS, SOILS, EVOLUTION, RECONSTRUCTION, PALEOSOLS",
author = "Alexander Makeev and Elena Aseyeva and Alexey Rusakov and Ksenia Sorokina and Tatiana Puzanova and Olga Khokhlova and Pavel Kust and Fatima Kurbanova and Timofey Chernov and Olga Kutovaya and Marina Lebedeva and Evgeniy Mihailov",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.quaint.2018.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "502",
pages = "218--237",
journal = "Quaternary International",
issn = "1040-6182",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Makeev, A, Aseyeva, E, Rusakov, A, Sorokina, K, Puzanova, T, Khokhlova, O, Kust, P, Kurbanova, F, Chernov, T, Kutovaya, O, Lebedeva, M & Mihailov, E 2019, 'The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain', Quaternary International, vol. 502, pp. 218-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.04.002

The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain. / Makeev, Alexander; Aseyeva, Elena; Rusakov, Alexey; Sorokina, Ksenia; Puzanova, Tatiana; Khokhlova, Olga; Kust, Pavel; Kurbanova, Fatima; Chernov, Timofey; Kutovaya, Olga; Lebedeva, Marina; Mihailov, Evgeniy.

In: Quaternary International, Vol. 502, 30.01.2019, p. 218-237.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - The environment of the Early Iron Age at the southern fringe of the forest zone of the Russian plain

AU - Makeev, Alexander

AU - Aseyeva, Elena

AU - Rusakov, Alexey

AU - Sorokina, Ksenia

AU - Puzanova, Tatiana

AU - Khokhlova, Olga

AU - Kust, Pavel

AU - Kurbanova, Fatima

AU - Chernov, Timofey

AU - Kutovaya, Olga

AU - Lebedeva, Marina

AU - Mihailov, Evgeniy

PY - 2019/1/30

Y1 - 2019/1/30

N2 - Landscape response to the Late Holocene climatic cycles was studied on the base of detailed morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil buried under fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (around 2000 yr. B.P) and a surface soil. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (mantle loam underlain by calcareous loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil has a complete profile that was influenced by human activity prior to the burial and subjected to diagenesis after the burial. In addition, both soils (Retisols) show similar morphology and key analytical features indicating close similarity of the landscapes in the study area that existed in the Early Iron Age and those that are present nowadays. Micro-biomorphic assemblages (phytoliths, pollen, microbial genes) support this conclusion. Landscape stability at the southern fringe of the forest zone makes it possible to establish the northern limit of the wide belt, which stretches out from dry steppe to northern forest-steppe, where landscape shifts influenced by the Late Holocene climatic cycles occurred. The features of the diagnostic horizons of the studied Retisols are indicators of stability in the studied time/space range. The study of microbial genes, which was performed in the studied soils for the first time, showed that both content and taxonomic structure of soil microbial communities, are promising paleoclimatic proxies as well as a record of diagenetic changes in buried soils.

AB - Landscape response to the Late Holocene climatic cycles was studied on the base of detailed morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil buried under fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (around 2000 yr. B.P) and a surface soil. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (mantle loam underlain by calcareous loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil has a complete profile that was influenced by human activity prior to the burial and subjected to diagenesis after the burial. In addition, both soils (Retisols) show similar morphology and key analytical features indicating close similarity of the landscapes in the study area that existed in the Early Iron Age and those that are present nowadays. Micro-biomorphic assemblages (phytoliths, pollen, microbial genes) support this conclusion. Landscape stability at the southern fringe of the forest zone makes it possible to establish the northern limit of the wide belt, which stretches out from dry steppe to northern forest-steppe, where landscape shifts influenced by the Late Holocene climatic cycles occurred. The features of the diagnostic horizons of the studied Retisols are indicators of stability in the studied time/space range. The study of microbial genes, which was performed in the studied soils for the first time, showed that both content and taxonomic structure of soil microbial communities, are promising paleoclimatic proxies as well as a record of diagenetic changes in buried soils.

KW - Ancient settlement

KW - Broadleaf forest

KW - Late Holocene

KW - Microbial genes

KW - Paleosol

KW - Retisol

KW - RECORDS

KW - SOILS

KW - EVOLUTION

KW - RECONSTRUCTION

KW - PALEOSOLS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045840133&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/environment-early-iron-age-southern-fringe-forest-zone-russian-plain

U2 - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.04.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85045840133

VL - 502

SP - 218

EP - 237

JO - Quaternary International

JF - Quaternary International

SN - 1040-6182

ER -