Коллекция русских архитектурных чертежей Национального музея в Стокгольме и путешествия императрицы Елизаветы Петровны в начале ее царствования: Актуальные проблемы теории и истории искусства — 2018: Тезисы докладов VIII Международной конференции / под ред. С. В. Мальцевой, Е. Ю. СтанюковичДенисовой, А. В. Захаровой. — СПб.: НП-Принт, 2018.

Translated title of the contribution: The Collection of Russian Architectural Drawings at the National Museum of Stockholm and the Journeys of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna at the Beginning of Her Reign: Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art — 2018: Abstracts of communications of the 8th International Conference. / Eds. S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Stanyukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: NP-Print, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

The significant corpus of Russian architectural drawings in the collection of the National Museum in Stockholm discovered in the 1950s has not received the proper attention it deserves yet. It was discovered and studied for the first time by the Swedish researcher Bjorn Henrik Hallström, an employee of the National Museum, who published his catalogue accompanied by brief introduction in one of the issues of the museum press (Nationalmusei skriftserie 9. Stockholm, 1963).
The catalogue, which from the start became a bibliographical rarity, included around four hundred drawings depicting different architectural structures on the territory of the Russian empire of the first half of the 18th century. Hallström divided them in three groups: 1. measurement drawings from St. Petersburg in 1740s; 2. architectural drawings: working drawings or projects, originals and
copies; 3. amateur drawings in pencil.
The largest part contained mostly professional drawings of the first two groups. It depicted the architecture of St. Petersburg and its suburbs dating to Peter the Great and Empress Anna’s epochs. It was brought from Sweden and presented during the exhibition at the State Hermitage Museum in 1961. Yury M. Denisov (1925–2001) studied that part of the corpus for many years. However, most of
his works have never been published.
The research conducted by those two scientists became the conceptual and factographic basis for further local scientific development. Thereafter some drawings were used as illustrative material for studying a number of historical areas and monuments (A.N. Voronikhina, N.V. Kalyazina, E.I. Krasnova, V.V. Antonov, L.I. Broytman, K.V. Malinovsky, M.V. Nikolaeva, E. Yu. Baryshnikova (Stanukovich-Denisova)). The drawings were published by the “Kriga” publishing house in 2017. It is quite obvious that the St. Petersburg part of the collection is a very important source on the history of architecture of the 1720–1740s.
The second in volume and value is the part of the collection associated with Moscow (theKremlin, the German Sloboda, Annenhof, Bratovschina, Kolomenskoye, Ismailovo, etc) which also has been actively researched by A.F. Krasheninnikov, O. S. Evangulova, L.I. Ivanova-Vein, S.V. Klimenko, G.K. Smirnov and others.
The rest of the drawings could be divided into small groups of few drawings which depict other geographical points including cities (Tver’, Kiev), monasteries (the Trinity Lavra of St. Segius), manors (Bratovschina, Perovo, Pokrovskoye) etc. It should be mentioned that the number of pencil amateur drawings in those groups increases.
Hallström hypothesized (1963) that the collection was created by Friedrich Wilhelm Bergholtz, a tutor of Grand Duke Piotr Fyodorovich before 1745. Despite the number of revisions made by different researchers, it is still the main version of the origins of the collection. We suggested (2012) that the contents of the collection might have corresponded with the places the Grand Duke had visited.
Perhaps those graphic materials were gathered for the sake of glorification and memorialization of the Holstein house; for example, as an atlas-album.
At the beginning of her reign Empress Elizaveta Petrovna accompanied by her court and the Grand Duke couple made a few pilgrimages to Moscow and Ukraine (1744). The presentation is an attempt to tie the contents of the Stockholm drawings with the path of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna pilgrimages and to outline the borders of Russia through the eyes of the Holsteinean man from the
royal court.
Translated title of the contributionThe Collection of Russian Architectural Drawings at the National Museum of Stockholm and the Journeys of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna at the Beginning of Her Reign: Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art — 2018: Abstracts of communications of the 8th International Conference. / Eds. S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Stanyukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: NP-Print, 2018.
Original languageRussian
Pages505-508
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Sep 2018
EventVIII Международная конференция «Актуальные проблемы теории и истории искусства»: Международная научная конференция - МГУ–Государственная Третьяковская галерея, Москва, Russian Federation
Duration: 2 Oct 20186 Oct 2018
Conference number: VIII
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Conference

ConferenceVIII Международная конференция «Актуальные проблемы теории и истории искусства»
Abbreviated titleАктуальные проблемы теории и истории искусства
CountryRussian Federation
City Москва
Period2/10/186/10/18
Internet address

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Keywords

  • Russian architecture
  • 18th century
  • empress Elisabeth of Russia
  • Peter III
  • F.-W. Bergholtz
  • architectural drawings
  • Tessin Hårleman Collection
  • Yury Denisov
  • Ukraine,
  • Moscow
  • St. Petersburg
  • court travels
  • Grand Duke Piotr Fyodorovich
  • Bjorn Hallstroem

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