Technogenic transformation of heavy metal streams in the soils of the kola peninsula

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

The Murmansk region is in the group of the old industrial regions of the Arctic zone. Mining, metallurgical, chemical and other industries have been intensively developing in the region since the 1930s. The main environmental problems of the region include pollution of the environment and waste generation. Staff of the Department of Geoecology and Nature Management of St. Petersburg State University has conducted monitoring studies in the impact area of the Severonickel since 2001. According to the wind rise monitoring sites are set at distances of 6-7, 12, 23-25 and 36-40 km (background) from the source of pollution in the southern direction. There research is worked out by the method of the geoecological profiling. At each site a profile is laid through all the relief elements, a description of the physical and geographical parameters is made and samples of soils and plants are sampled for chemical analysis. А significant excess of the standards for nickel, copper, cobalt, chromium was revealed. At sites of 6-7 km and 12 km, the content of these elements in the O-horizon is higher than in the B-horizon. This fact confirms the predominantly anthropogenic origin of these metals in soils. The maximum of most studied elements is observed at sites of 6-7 km and 12 km. The content of mobile forms of nickel and copper in the upper horizon of soils has been decreasing from 2001 till 2016 due to the decreasing of emissions to the atmosphere; actually it has been increasing in the illuvial horizon. Despite the reduction of the emissions and the gradual restoration of vegetation, a high level of soil pollution with metals still remains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-518
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
Volume18
Issue number3.2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2018 - Albena
Duration: 2 Jul 20188 Jul 2018

Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

@article{651a9363fdb648eeabb58aa43e9ba90d,
title = "Technogenic transformation of heavy metal streams in the soils of the kola peninsula",
abstract = "The Murmansk region is in the group of the old industrial regions of the Arctic zone. Mining, metallurgical, chemical and other industries have been intensively developing in the region since the 1930s. The main environmental problems of the region include pollution of the environment and waste generation. Staff of the Department of Geoecology and Nature Management of St. Petersburg State University has conducted monitoring studies in the impact area of the Severonickel since 2001. According to the wind rise monitoring sites are set at distances of 6-7, 12, 23-25 and 36-40 km (background) from the source of pollution in the southern direction. There research is worked out by the method of the geoecological profiling. At each site a profile is laid through all the relief elements, a description of the physical and geographical parameters is made and samples of soils and plants are sampled for chemical analysis. А significant excess of the standards for nickel, copper, cobalt, chromium was revealed. At sites of 6-7 km and 12 km, the content of these elements in the O-horizon is higher than in the B-horizon. This fact confirms the predominantly anthropogenic origin of these metals in soils. The maximum of most studied elements is observed at sites of 6-7 km and 12 km. The content of mobile forms of nickel and copper in the upper horizon of soils has been decreasing from 2001 till 2016 due to the decreasing of emissions to the atmosphere; actually it has been increasing in the illuvial horizon. Despite the reduction of the emissions and the gradual restoration of vegetation, a high level of soil pollution with metals still remains.",
author = "Ekaterina Elsukova and Marina Opekunova and Anatolii Opekunov and Stepan Kukushkin",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5593/sgem2018/3.2/S13.067",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "511--518",
journal = "International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM",
issn = "1314-2704",
publisher = "International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference",
number = "3.2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Technogenic transformation of heavy metal streams in the soils of the kola peninsula

AU - Elsukova, Ekaterina

AU - Opekunova, Marina

AU - Opekunov, Anatolii

AU - Kukushkin, Stepan

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The Murmansk region is in the group of the old industrial regions of the Arctic zone. Mining, metallurgical, chemical and other industries have been intensively developing in the region since the 1930s. The main environmental problems of the region include pollution of the environment and waste generation. Staff of the Department of Geoecology and Nature Management of St. Petersburg State University has conducted monitoring studies in the impact area of the Severonickel since 2001. According to the wind rise monitoring sites are set at distances of 6-7, 12, 23-25 and 36-40 km (background) from the source of pollution in the southern direction. There research is worked out by the method of the geoecological profiling. At each site a profile is laid through all the relief elements, a description of the physical and geographical parameters is made and samples of soils and plants are sampled for chemical analysis. А significant excess of the standards for nickel, copper, cobalt, chromium was revealed. At sites of 6-7 km and 12 km, the content of these elements in the O-horizon is higher than in the B-horizon. This fact confirms the predominantly anthropogenic origin of these metals in soils. The maximum of most studied elements is observed at sites of 6-7 km and 12 km. The content of mobile forms of nickel and copper in the upper horizon of soils has been decreasing from 2001 till 2016 due to the decreasing of emissions to the atmosphere; actually it has been increasing in the illuvial horizon. Despite the reduction of the emissions and the gradual restoration of vegetation, a high level of soil pollution with metals still remains.

AB - The Murmansk region is in the group of the old industrial regions of the Arctic zone. Mining, metallurgical, chemical and other industries have been intensively developing in the region since the 1930s. The main environmental problems of the region include pollution of the environment and waste generation. Staff of the Department of Geoecology and Nature Management of St. Petersburg State University has conducted monitoring studies in the impact area of the Severonickel since 2001. According to the wind rise monitoring sites are set at distances of 6-7, 12, 23-25 and 36-40 km (background) from the source of pollution in the southern direction. There research is worked out by the method of the geoecological profiling. At each site a profile is laid through all the relief elements, a description of the physical and geographical parameters is made and samples of soils and plants are sampled for chemical analysis. А significant excess of the standards for nickel, copper, cobalt, chromium was revealed. At sites of 6-7 km and 12 km, the content of these elements in the O-horizon is higher than in the B-horizon. This fact confirms the predominantly anthropogenic origin of these metals in soils. The maximum of most studied elements is observed at sites of 6-7 km and 12 km. The content of mobile forms of nickel and copper in the upper horizon of soils has been decreasing from 2001 till 2016 due to the decreasing of emissions to the atmosphere; actually it has been increasing in the illuvial horizon. Despite the reduction of the emissions and the gradual restoration of vegetation, a high level of soil pollution with metals still remains.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058899343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5593/sgem2018/3.2/S13.067

DO - 10.5593/sgem2018/3.2/S13.067

M3 - Conference article

VL - 18

SP - 511

EP - 518

JO - International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM

JF - International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM

SN - 1314-2704

IS - 3.2

ER -