Structural and functional characterization of the FGF signaling pathway in regeneration of the polychaete worm Alitta virens (Annelida, Errantia)

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Abstract

Epimorphic regeneration of lost body segments is a widespread phenomenon across annelids. However, the molecular inducers of the cell sources for this reparative morphogenesis have not been identified. In this study, we focused on the role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling in the posterior regeneration of Alitta virens. For the first time, we showed an early activation of FGF ligands and receptor expression in an annelid regenerating after amputation. The expression patterns indicate that the entire regenerative bud is competent to FGFs, whose activity precedes the initiation of cell proliferation. The critical requirement of FGF signaling, especially at early stages, is also supported by inhibitor treatments followed by proliferation assay, demonstrating that induction of blastemal cells depends on FGFs. Our results show that FGF signaling pathway is a key player in regenerative response, while the FGF-positive wound epithelium, ventral nerve cord and some mesodermal cells around the gut could be the inducing tissues. This mechanism resembles reparative regeneration of vertebrate appendages suggesting such a response to the injury may be ancestral for all bilaterians.
Original languageEnglish
Article number788
Number of pages21
JournalGenes
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • invertebrates
  • annelids
  • Nereis
  • dedifferentiation
  • blastema induction
  • evolution
  • segmentation
  • axis elongation
  • SU5402

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