Abstract

Stomata are the structural elements of plant epidermis which control transpiration and gas exchange. Each stoma consists of two guard cells divided by the stomatal aperture. These cells are capable of reversible deformations determining the width of aperture. It is known that these deformations depend on the value of turgor pressure in the guard cells and on the structure of their walls. In this work, the influence of the outer tangential wall geometry of the guard cells on stomatal movements is estimated by means of the finite element method in the ANSYS software. The application of modelling has shown that cuticular outgrowths on the tangential walls influence the degree and pattern of guard cell deformations. The outgrowths prevent wide opening of the stomatal aperture and cause its sinking deep into leaf epidermis. The functional significance of such stomatal movements is discussed. It is deduced that the discovered phenomenon had great importance to the survival of laurophyllous plants in conditions of aridization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTHE EIGHTH POLYAKHOV’S READING
Subtitle of host publicationBOOK OF ABSTRACTS
PublisherИздательство Санкт-Петербургского университета
Pages288-289
ISBN (Print)978-5-288-05800-4
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2018
EventВосьмые Поляховские чтения: международная научная конференция по механике - Старый Петергоф, Saint Petersburg
Duration: 29 Jan 20182 Feb 2018
Conference number: 8
https://events.spbu.ru/events/polyakhov_readings
http://nanomat.spbu.ru/en/node/175
http://nanomat.spbu.ru/ru/node/192
http://spbu.ru/news-events/calendar/viii-polyahovskie-chteniya

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
ISSN (Print)0094-243X

Conference

ConferenceInternational Scientific Conference on Mechanics - Eighth Polyakhov's Reading
CountryRussian Federation
CitySaint Petersburg
Period29/01/182/02/18
Internet address

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    Cite this

    Pautov, A. A., Bauer, S. M., Ivanova, O. V., Sapach, Y. O., & Krylova, E. G. (2018). Stomatal Movements in Laurophyllous Plants. In THE EIGHTH POLYAKHOV’S READING: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS (pp. 288-289). (AIP Conference Proceedings). Издательство Санкт-Петербургского университета. https://events.spbu.ru/eventsContent/events/2018/polyakhov/sbornik.pdf