Statistical analysis of Russian multiword prepositions

Victor Zakharov, Anastasia Golovina, Irina Azarova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper is part of a larger study that aims to create the first quantitative grammar of the Russian prepositional system. The present study deals with Russian secondary multiword prepositions. Prepositions are a heterogeneous class consisting of a small group of about 25 primary prepositions and hundreds of secondary ones, the latter being motivated by content words (nouns, adverbs, verbs), which may be combined with primary prepositions to form multiword prepositions (MWPs). A strict division between secondary multiword prepositions and equivalent free word combinations is not specified. This is a task for a special corpus-based research. Prepositions are characterized as function words used to express various relationships between main and dependent members of a phrase. The difficulty is that relations expressed by prepositions are multi-sided, grammatical and lexical. Primary prepositions are said to have no real lexical meaning. It is not quite true as regards primary prepositions and even more so for secondary ones. Prepositions express semantic relations between words, and their meanings directly correspond to these relations. Multiword prepositions perform the grammatical function of a preposition in a certain position of a syntactic structure in some contexts and can be a free combination in others. This paper is devoted to the statistical analysis of the use of multiword prepositions in corpora. The features of multiword prepositions in the function of a preposition are described. Statistical data on the ratio of the use of individual multiword expressions as prepositional units and as free combinations are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNORDSCI 2020 Conference Proceedings. Book 1
Pages191-200
Volume3
StatePublished - 2020
EventNordsci international conference -
Duration: 12 Oct 202014 Oct 2020

Publication series

Name
ISSN (Print)2603-4107

Conference

ConferenceNordsci international conference
Period12/10/2014/10/20

Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics

Keywords

  • Russian language
  • secondary prepositions
  • multiword prepositions
  • corpus statistics

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