The emergence of ferromagnetism in Rashba systems, where the evolving exchange interaction enters into competition with spin-orbit coupling, leads to a nontrivial spin-polarized electronic landscape with an intricate momentum-dependent spin structure, which is challenging to unveil. Here, we show a way to disentangle the contributions from the effective spin-orbit and exchange fields and thus to gain knowledge of the spin structure in ferromagnetic Rashba materials, which is required for spintronic applications. Our approach is based exclusively on spin-integrated photoemission measurements combined with a two-band modeling. As an example, we consider the mixed-valent material EuIr2Si2 which, while being nonmagnetic in the bulk, reveals strong ferromagnetism at the iridium-silicide surface where both spin-orbit and exchange magnetic interactions coexist. The combined effect of these interactions causes a complex band dispersion of the surface state which can be observed in photoemission experiments. Our method allows us to comprehensively unravel the surface-state spin structure driven by spin-orbit coupling at the ferromagnetic surface. This approach opens up opportunities to characterize the spin structure of ferromagnetic Rashba materials, especially where dedicated spin-resolved measurements remain challenging.
Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics