Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation

Research outputpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of our study is to describe the different levels of speech organization of adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and Mental retardation (MR). Informants in the study were 19 adults aged 29.9 ± 5.8 years (mental age 9–14 years) with autism spectrum disorders (n = 5, 23–41 years, 31 ± 6.5 y) and with mental retardation (n = 14, aged 21–43 year, 29.2 ± 5.8 y). We revealed the specificity of speech features in informants with ASD and MR in complexity of replicas in dialogues, gestures use, adequacy of replicas, phonetic and acoustic characteristics. Attribution of the emotional speech to states “comfort – neutral – discomfort” of the ASD informants is difficult for listeners. The listeners recognized neutral state in speech of ASD and MR informants better than comfort and discomfort states. Our study is the first step towards investigating the problem of the transition from childhood to adulthood for Russian people with atypical development. The findings of our study provide valuable information for health and other professionals working with people with intellectual disability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpeech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings
EditorsRodmonga Potapova, Oliver Jokisch, Alexey Karpov
PublisherSpringer
Pages357-366
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319995786
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event20th International Conference on Speech and Computer, SPECOM 2018 - Leipzig
Duration: 18 Sep 201822 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11096 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference20th International Conference on Speech and Computer, SPECOM 2018
CountryGermany
CityLeipzig
Period18/09/1822/09/18

Fingerprint

Disorder
Replica
Speech analysis
Emotional Speech
Disability
Gesture
Acoustics
Health
Specificity
Speech

Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Lyakso, E., Frolova, O., Grigorev, A., Gorodnyi, V., Nikolaev, A., & Matveev, Y. N. (2018). Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation. In R. Potapova, O. Jokisch, & A. Karpov (Eds.), Speech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings (pp. 357-366). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11096 LNAI). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99579-3_38
Lyakso, Elena ; Frolova, Olga ; Grigorev, Aleksey ; Gorodnyi, Viktor ; Nikolaev, Aleksandr ; Matveev, Yuri N. / Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation. Speech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings. editor / Rodmonga Potapova ; Oliver Jokisch ; Alexey Karpov. Springer, 2018. pp. 357-366 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
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Lyakso, E, Frolova, O, Grigorev, A, Gorodnyi, V, Nikolaev, A & Matveev, YN 2018, Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation. in R Potapova, O Jokisch & A Karpov (eds), Speech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 11096 LNAI, Springer, pp. 357-366, Leipzig, 18/09/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99579-3_38

Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation. / Lyakso, Elena; Frolova, Olga; Grigorev, Aleksey; Gorodnyi, Viktor; Nikolaev, Aleksandr; Matveev, Yuri N.

Speech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings. ed. / Rodmonga Potapova; Oliver Jokisch; Alexey Karpov. Springer, 2018. p. 357-366 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11096 LNAI).

Research outputpeer-review

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Lyakso E, Frolova O, Grigorev A, Gorodnyi V, Nikolaev A, Matveev YN. Speech Features of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Mental Retardation. In Potapova R, Jokisch O, Karpov A, editors, Speech and Computer - 20th International Conference, SPECOM 2018, Proceedings. Springer. 2018. p. 357-366. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99579-3_38