Southern Ocean: Not acknowledged hydronym or self-sufficient geographical object?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


History of hydronym “Southern Ocean” is long and dramatic. During three and a half centuries outstanding scientists, authoritative scientific congresses, international maritime organizations were either perceive or reject the Southern Ocean as a geographical object. On the basis of the best available synthesis of the works of the last century, the article is traced the struggles and changing views of famous oceanographers, geographers, polar explorers and hydrographs about the problem. The formal boundary of the South Polar Region of the World Ocean on the 60° parallel of south latitude leaves almost entirely outside of the Southern Ocean the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), which is fundamental feature of the circulation of its waters. Therefore we suggest continuing to define the borders of self-sufficient geographical object the Southern Ocean: on the South by shore line of Antarctic continent, and on the North by the line connecting the southern tip of Africa, Australia, New Zealand and South America. Last line is almost identical with the subtropical convergence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalIzvestiya Rossiiskaya Akademii Nauk, Seriya Geograficheskaya
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


  • Circumpolar oceanic basin
  • Physical-geographic boundaries
  • Southern Ocean
  • Subtropical convergence


Dive into the research topics of 'Southern Ocean: Not acknowledged hydronym or self-sufficient geographical object?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this