The aim of this work was to increase the efficiency of catalytic systems for the hydrolytic cleavage of 4-nitrophenyl esters of phosphonic acids. Quaternary ammonium-containing comb-like polyelectrolytes («polymerized micelles») with ester cleavable fragments and a low aggregation threshold were used as catalysts. The synthesis of poly(11-acryloyloxyundecylammonium) surfactants with different counterions (Br−, NO3−, CH3C6H4SO3−) and head groups was realized by micellar free-radical polymerization. Molecular weight, critical association concentration, particle sizes and solubilization properties toward Orange OT were determined. Self-assemblies organized by poly(11-acryloyloxyundecyltrimethyl ammonium) bromide successfully catalyze the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl butylchloromethylphosphonate up to two orders of magnitude compared to aqueous alkaline hydrolysis. The development of these catalysts is promising for industrial applications and organophosphorus compound detoxification.
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