Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes

Sina M. Adl, David Bass, Christopher E. Lane, Julius Lukeš, Conrad L. Schoch, Alexey Smirnov, Sabine Agatha, Cedric Berney, Matthew W. Brown, Fabien Burki, Paco Cárdenas, Ivan Čepička, Lyudmila Chistyakova, Javier del Campo, Micah Dunthorn, Bente Edvardsen, Yana Eglit, Laure Guillou, Vladimír Hampl, Aaron A. HeissMona Hoppenrath, Timothy Y. James, Anna Karnkowska, Sergey Karpov, Eunsoo Kim, Martin Kolisko, Alexander Kudryavtsev, Daniel J.G. Lahr, Enrique Lara, Line Le Gall, Denis H. Lynn, David G. Mann, Ramon Massana, Edward A.D. Mitchell, Christine Morrow, Jong Soo Park, Jan W. Pawlowski, Martha J. Powell, Daniel J. Richter, Sonja Rueckert, Lora Shadwick, Satoshi Shimano, Frederick W. Spiegel, Guifré Torruella, Noha Youssef, Vasily Zlatogursky, Qianqian Zhang

Research output

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic analyses. For some clades even families are being clearly resolved. As we had predicted, environmental sampling in the intervening years has massively increased the genetic information at hand. Consequently, we have discovered novel clades, exciting new genera and uncovered a massive species level diversity beyond the morphological species descriptions. Several clades known from environmental samples only have now found their home. Sampling soils, deeper marine waters and the deep sea will continue to fill us with surprises. The main changes in this revision are the confirmation that eukaryotes form at least two domains, the loss of monophyly in the Excavata, robust support for the Haptista and Cryptista. We provide suggested primer sets for DNA sequences from environmental samples that are effective for each clade. We have provided a guide to trophic functional guilds in an appendix, to facilitate the interpretation of environmental samples, and a standardized taxonomic guide for East Asian users.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-119
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Volume66
Issue number1
Early online date26 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Eukaryota
Terminology
Seawater
Soil
Hand

Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

Cite this

Adl, Sina M. ; Bass, David ; Lane, Christopher E. ; Lukeš, Julius ; Schoch, Conrad L. ; Smirnov, Alexey ; Agatha, Sabine ; Berney, Cedric ; Brown, Matthew W. ; Burki, Fabien ; Cárdenas, Paco ; Čepička, Ivan ; Chistyakova, Lyudmila ; del Campo, Javier ; Dunthorn, Micah ; Edvardsen, Bente ; Eglit, Yana ; Guillou, Laure ; Hampl, Vladimír ; Heiss, Aaron A. ; Hoppenrath, Mona ; James, Timothy Y. ; Karnkowska, Anna ; Karpov, Sergey ; Kim, Eunsoo ; Kolisko, Martin ; Kudryavtsev, Alexander ; Lahr, Daniel J.G. ; Lara, Enrique ; Le Gall, Line ; Lynn, Denis H. ; Mann, David G. ; Massana, Ramon ; Mitchell, Edward A.D. ; Morrow, Christine ; Park, Jong Soo ; Pawlowski, Jan W. ; Powell, Martha J. ; Richter, Daniel J. ; Rueckert, Sonja ; Shadwick, Lora ; Shimano, Satoshi ; Spiegel, Frederick W. ; Torruella, Guifré ; Youssef, Noha ; Zlatogursky, Vasily ; Zhang, Qianqian. / Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes. In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 2019 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 4-119.
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abstract = "This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic analyses. For some clades even families are being clearly resolved. As we had predicted, environmental sampling in the intervening years has massively increased the genetic information at hand. Consequently, we have discovered novel clades, exciting new genera and uncovered a massive species level diversity beyond the morphological species descriptions. Several clades known from environmental samples only have now found their home. Sampling soils, deeper marine waters and the deep sea will continue to fill us with surprises. The main changes in this revision are the confirmation that eukaryotes form at least two domains, the loss of monophyly in the Excavata, robust support for the Haptista and Cryptista. We provide suggested primer sets for DNA sequences from environmental samples that are effective for each clade. We have provided a guide to trophic functional guilds in an appendix, to facilitate the interpretation of environmental samples, and a standardized taxonomic guide for East Asian users.",
keywords = "Algae, amoebae, biodiversity, ciliate, ecology, flagellate, fungus, microbiology, parasite, plankton, protozoa, systematics, taxonomy",
author = "Adl, {Sina M.} and David Bass and Lane, {Christopher E.} and Julius Lukeš and Schoch, {Conrad L.} and Alexey Smirnov and Sabine Agatha and Cedric Berney and Brown, {Matthew W.} and Fabien Burki and Paco C{\'a}rdenas and Ivan Čepička and Lyudmila Chistyakova and {del Campo}, Javier and Micah Dunthorn and Bente Edvardsen and Yana Eglit and Laure Guillou and Vladim{\'i}r Hampl and Heiss, {Aaron A.} and Mona Hoppenrath and James, {Timothy Y.} and Anna Karnkowska and Sergey Karpov and Eunsoo Kim and Martin Kolisko and Alexander Kudryavtsev and Lahr, {Daniel J.G.} and Enrique Lara and {Le Gall}, Line and Lynn, {Denis H.} and Mann, {David G.} and Ramon Massana and Mitchell, {Edward A.D.} and Christine Morrow and Park, {Jong Soo} and Pawlowski, {Jan W.} and Powell, {Martha J.} and Richter, {Daniel J.} and Sonja Rueckert and Lora Shadwick and Satoshi Shimano and Spiegel, {Frederick W.} and Guifr{\'e} Torruella and Noha Youssef and Vasily Zlatogursky and Qianqian Zhang",
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Adl, SM, Bass, D, Lane, CE, Lukeš, J, Schoch, CL, Smirnov, A, Agatha, S, Berney, C, Brown, MW, Burki, F, Cárdenas, P, Čepička, I, Chistyakova, L, del Campo, J, Dunthorn, M, Edvardsen, B, Eglit, Y, Guillou, L, Hampl, V, Heiss, AA, Hoppenrath, M, James, TY, Karnkowska, A, Karpov, S, Kim, E, Kolisko, M, Kudryavtsev, A, Lahr, DJG, Lara, E, Le Gall, L, Lynn, DH, Mann, DG, Massana, R, Mitchell, EAD, Morrow, C, Park, JS, Pawlowski, JW, Powell, MJ, Richter, DJ, Rueckert, S, Shadwick, L, Shimano, S, Spiegel, FW, Torruella, G, Youssef, N, Zlatogursky, V & Zhang, Q 2019, 'Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes', Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 4-119. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12691, https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12691

Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes. / Adl, Sina M.; Bass, David; Lane, Christopher E.; Lukeš, Julius; Schoch, Conrad L.; Smirnov, Alexey; Agatha, Sabine; Berney, Cedric; Brown, Matthew W.; Burki, Fabien; Cárdenas, Paco; Čepička, Ivan; Chistyakova, Lyudmila; del Campo, Javier; Dunthorn, Micah; Edvardsen, Bente; Eglit, Yana; Guillou, Laure; Hampl, Vladimír; Heiss, Aaron A.; Hoppenrath, Mona; James, Timothy Y.; Karnkowska, Anna; Karpov, Sergey; Kim, Eunsoo; Kolisko, Martin; Kudryavtsev, Alexander; Lahr, Daniel J.G.; Lara, Enrique; Le Gall, Line; Lynn, Denis H.; Mann, David G.; Massana, Ramon; Mitchell, Edward A.D.; Morrow, Christine; Park, Jong Soo; Pawlowski, Jan W.; Powell, Martha J.; Richter, Daniel J.; Rueckert, Sonja; Shadwick, Lora; Shimano, Satoshi; Spiegel, Frederick W.; Torruella, Guifré; Youssef, Noha; Zlatogursky, Vasily; Zhang, Qianqian.

In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 4-119.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes

AU - Adl, Sina M.

AU - Bass, David

AU - Lane, Christopher E.

AU - Lukeš, Julius

AU - Schoch, Conrad L.

AU - Smirnov, Alexey

AU - Agatha, Sabine

AU - Berney, Cedric

AU - Brown, Matthew W.

AU - Burki, Fabien

AU - Cárdenas, Paco

AU - Čepička, Ivan

AU - Chistyakova, Lyudmila

AU - del Campo, Javier

AU - Dunthorn, Micah

AU - Edvardsen, Bente

AU - Eglit, Yana

AU - Guillou, Laure

AU - Hampl, Vladimír

AU - Heiss, Aaron A.

AU - Hoppenrath, Mona

AU - James, Timothy Y.

AU - Karnkowska, Anna

AU - Karpov, Sergey

AU - Kim, Eunsoo

AU - Kolisko, Martin

AU - Kudryavtsev, Alexander

AU - Lahr, Daniel J.G.

AU - Lara, Enrique

AU - Le Gall, Line

AU - Lynn, Denis H.

AU - Mann, David G.

AU - Massana, Ramon

AU - Mitchell, Edward A.D.

AU - Morrow, Christine

AU - Park, Jong Soo

AU - Pawlowski, Jan W.

AU - Powell, Martha J.

AU - Richter, Daniel J.

AU - Rueckert, Sonja

AU - Shadwick, Lora

AU - Shimano, Satoshi

AU - Spiegel, Frederick W.

AU - Torruella, Guifré

AU - Youssef, Noha

AU - Zlatogursky, Vasily

AU - Zhang, Qianqian

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic analyses. For some clades even families are being clearly resolved. As we had predicted, environmental sampling in the intervening years has massively increased the genetic information at hand. Consequently, we have discovered novel clades, exciting new genera and uncovered a massive species level diversity beyond the morphological species descriptions. Several clades known from environmental samples only have now found their home. Sampling soils, deeper marine waters and the deep sea will continue to fill us with surprises. The main changes in this revision are the confirmation that eukaryotes form at least two domains, the loss of monophyly in the Excavata, robust support for the Haptista and Cryptista. We provide suggested primer sets for DNA sequences from environmental samples that are effective for each clade. We have provided a guide to trophic functional guilds in an appendix, to facilitate the interpretation of environmental samples, and a standardized taxonomic guide for East Asian users.

AB - This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic analyses. For some clades even families are being clearly resolved. As we had predicted, environmental sampling in the intervening years has massively increased the genetic information at hand. Consequently, we have discovered novel clades, exciting new genera and uncovered a massive species level diversity beyond the morphological species descriptions. Several clades known from environmental samples only have now found their home. Sampling soils, deeper marine waters and the deep sea will continue to fill us with surprises. The main changes in this revision are the confirmation that eukaryotes form at least two domains, the loss of monophyly in the Excavata, robust support for the Haptista and Cryptista. We provide suggested primer sets for DNA sequences from environmental samples that are effective for each clade. We have provided a guide to trophic functional guilds in an appendix, to facilitate the interpretation of environmental samples, and a standardized taxonomic guide for East Asian users.

KW - Algae

KW - amoebae

KW - biodiversity

KW - ciliate

KW - ecology

KW - flagellate

KW - fungus

KW - microbiology

KW - parasite

KW - plankton

KW - protozoa

KW - systematics

KW - taxonomy

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UR - https://genev.unige.ch/publication/2847

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/revisions-classification-nomenclature-diversity-eukaryotes/

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DO - doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12691

M3 - Article

C2 - 30257078

AN - SCOPUS:85060143843

VL - 66

SP - 4

EP - 119

JO - Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

JF - Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

SN - 1066-5234

IS - 1

ER -