This chapter reviews different mining rates for polymetallic nodules and evaluates the ensuing environmental impacts as well as metal production with respect to land reserves, metal prices, and projected investments. It is expected that these can be applied for different mineral deposits in other ocean basins as well
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental issues of deep-sea mining
Subtitle of host publication Impacts, consequences and policy perspectives
EditorsR. Sharma
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature
ChapterPart V Economic Consideration
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic) 978-3-030-12696-4
ISBN (Print) 978-3-030-12695-7
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2019

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