Reaction of osmoregulatory system in juveniles of Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldtenstadtii (Acipenseridae) on influence of Cyprinus carpio

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Abstract

For the first time by the example of juveniles of Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt, the role of growth hormone of hypophysis in the osmotic regulation of acipenserids was studied, also the process of transformation of reserve chloride was described. In Russian sturgeon juveniles, administration of growth hormone of carp Cyprinus carpio at a dose of 1 mg per 1 g body weight causes changes in the fine structure of numerous reserve (undifferentiated) gill epithelial cells and thus stimulates their transformation into mature chloride cells involved in transport of monovalent ions. Increase in the number of chloride cells, on account of reserve cells, was accompanied by higher enzymatic activity of Na+/K+- ATPase in gill homogenates of the injected fish adapting to a hyperosmotic environment of salinity 12.5 ‰ (403 mosm/l) than in the intact fish under the same conditions but without hormonal treatment. Morphophysiological changes observed in the injected juveniles provided the more efficient dynamics of blood serum osmolarity under saline exposure than that in the intact fish. Their serum osmolality during the maximum rise (24 hours after the transfer of fish into the water of 12.5 ‰ salinity) was lower (p <0.01), than that of the intact fish. The inclusion of growth hormone in the osmoregulatory process was established.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-782
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ichthyology
Volume56
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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