Prospects of co-poly(biquinoline-hydrazide-imide)s for separation of benzene-isopropanol mixture via pervaporation

Galina Polotskaya, Mikhail Goikhman, Irina Podeshvo, Nairi Loretsyan, Natalia Saprykina, Iosif Gofman, Nadezhda Tian, Roman Dubovenko, Alexandra Pulyalina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Poly(biquinoline dicarbohydrazide)-co-(bistrimelliteimide) methylene-bisanthranylide (PQHI) and its metal-polymer complex PQHI-Cu+ containing several types of functional groups (hydrazide, carboxyl, amide, and imide fragments) were synthesized. Dense thin-film membranes were prepared to study transport properties of these polymers in the separation of a benzene and isopropanol (IPA) mixture via pervaporation. Comprehensive studies of structure, physical and mechanical properties of the novel membranes were carried out. Structure of the polymer films was characterized using scanning electron microscopy. Measurements of physical and mechanical properties showed good performance capabilities of polymers as membrane materials. Transport properties of the synthesized polymers in pervaporation of benzene–IPA mixtures were characterized by determination of total flux, separation factor, as well as permeability and selectivity of the films. It was experimentally found and confirmed by quantum chemical calculations that the novel PQHI-based membranes are benzene selective due to the presence of functional groups capable of H-bonding. The benzene/IPA separation factor is equal to 38 for the PQHI membrane in pervaporation of the mixture containing 20 wt% of benzene.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51646
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume139
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2022

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • copolymers
  • membranes
  • polycondensation
  • separation techniques

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