Processing of adapted texts by secondary schoolchildren with and without speech disorders: An eye-tracking study

Vladislav Zubov, Tatiana Petrova

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

Reading skills of the children with language disorders is one the main problems of correctional pedagogy. This study is one of the first eye-tracking experiments on the Russian language material, which explores how children read and comprehend texts with various types of adaptation, namely one and the same text in lexical
adaptation (replacement of complex and rare words to more common ones), and grammatical adaptation (simplified syntactic structures and sentences). To examine this issue, 32 secondary school students with general speech underdevelopment and 32 secondary school students with normal speech development were involved in the experiment. The participants’ eye movements were measured by Eyelink 1000+ during reading of 2 stimuli: a lexically- and a grammatically adapted text on two different stories. The complexity of the texts was equalized via http://readability.io/. We measured the total dwell time, the total fixation count, average saccade amplitude, average duration of the first pass and the number of regressions for each text. The text comprehension was controlled by after the text questions and scaling method, when the participants had to evaluate the level of text difficulty. The outcome has shown that there is no significant difference in processing and comprehension of lexically adapted and grammatically adapted texts in both groups of participants: each
type of adaptation proved to be efficient for recalling the information. Nevertheless, we revealed the differences in the patterns of eye-movements for norm and different forms of general speech underdevelopment for both text types. Supported by RFBR grant No18-00-00640.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, ECEM 2019
Subtitle of host publicationAbstract book
Place of PublicationАликанте (Испания)
Pages240
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
EventThe 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, ECEM 2019 - Аликанте
Duration: 18 Aug 201922 Aug 2019
Conference number: 20

Conference

ConferenceThe 20th European Conference on Eye Movements, ECEM 2019
Abbreviated titleECEM 2019
CountrySpain
CityАликанте
Period18/08/1922/08/19

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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