Preferential Alternatives to Returning All Crop Residues as Biochar to the Crop Field? A Three-Source 13C and 14C Partitioning Study

Xiaowen Ji, Evgeny Abakumov, Xianchuan Xie, Dongyang Wei, Rong Tang, Jue Ding, Yu Cheng, Jie Chen

Research output

Abstract

The simultaneous effects of biochar on soil organic matter (SOM, C4) and sweet potato (SP) residue (Ipomoea batatas, C3) mineralization were studied over 180 days via C-13 and C-14 isotopic label partitioning. Upon concomitant SP residue addition, biochar mineralization decreased by 11% of the total added biochar-C. Compared to positive priming effects induced by biochar amendment alone on SOM (0.46 mg C g(-1) soil) at 180 days, amendment solely with SP residues induced significantly larger effects (1.5 mg C g(-1) soil). Combination biochar and SP residue addition reduced SOM mineralization by 20.5% and increased SP residue mineralization by 10.1%. Biochar addition caused preferential uptake of SP residues over SOM by microbes. Thus, the lower priming effects on SOM and CO2 emission induced by biochar amendment with or without SP residues compared to that from SP residue addition alone may result in crop residues being partly pyrolyzed to biochar in the cropland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11322-11330
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2019

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Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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