Placental microRNA expression in pregnancies complicated by superimposed pre-eclampsia on chronic hypertension

Elena S. Vashukova, Andrey S. Glotov, Pavel V. Fedotov, Olga A. Efimova, Vladimir S. Pakin, Elena V. Mozgovaya, Anna A. Pendina, Andrei V. Tikhonov, Alla S. Koltsova, Vladislav S. Baranov

    Research output

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a complication of pregnancy that affects 5-8% of women after 20 weeks of gestation. It is usually diagnosed based on the de novo onset of hypertension and proteinuria. Preexisting hypertension in women developing PE, also known as superimposed PE on chronic hypertension (SPE), leads to elevated risk of maternal and fetal mortality. PE is associated with an altered microRNA (miRNA) expression pattern in the placenta, suggesting that miRNA deregulation is involved in the pathogenesis of PE. Whether and how the miRNA expression pattern is changed in the SPE placenta remains unclear. The present study analyzed the placental miRNA expression profile in pregnancies complicated by SPE. miRNA expression profiles in SPE and normal placentas were investigated using an Ion Torrent sequencing system. Sequencing data were processed using a comprehensive analysis pipeline for deep miRNA sequencing (CAP-miRSeq). A total of 22 miRNAs were identified to be deregulated in placentas from patients with SPE. They included 16 miRNAs previously known to be associated with PE and 6 novel miRNAs. Among the 6 novel miRNAs, 4 were upregulated (miR-518a, miR-527, miR-518e and miR-4532) and 2 downregulated (miR-98 and miR-135b) in SPE placentas compared with controls. The present results suggest that SPE is associated with specific alterations in the placental miRNA expression pattern, which differ from alterations detected in PE placentas, and therefore, provide novel targets for further investigation of the molecular mechanisms underlying SPE pathogenesis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22-32
    Number of pages11
    JournalMolecular Medicine Reports
    Volume14
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

    Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Medicine
    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics
    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Placental microRNA expression in pregnancies complicated by superimposed pre-eclampsia on chronic hypertension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Vashukova, E. S., Glotov, A. S., Fedotov, P. V., Efimova, O. A., Pakin, V. S., Mozgovaya, E. V., Pendina, A. A., Tikhonov, A. V., Koltsova, A. S., & Baranov, V. S. (2016). Placental microRNA expression in pregnancies complicated by superimposed pre-eclampsia on chronic hypertension. Molecular Medicine Reports, 14(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2016.5268