Phenomenological Rule from Correlations of Conduction/Valence Band Energies and Bandgap Energies in Semiconductor Photocatalysts: Calcium Bismuthates versus Strontium Bismuthates

D. S. Shtarev, V. K. Ryabchuk, A. V. Rudakova, A. V. Shtareva, M. S. Molokeev, E. A. Kirichenko, N. Serpone

Research output

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of calcium bismuthates were synthesized (25 to 50 mol% in Ca) and characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, XPS and DRS techniques; the latter provided an estimate of the bandgap energies (Ebg=2.41 to 3.29 eV) via Tauc plots for indirect transitions, whereas XPS established the potentials (vs NHE) of their respective valence bands (and thus the conduction bands). Linear correlations existed between EVB/ECB and Ebg that when compared with those of strontium bismuthates (reported earlier) showed that differences in energies at Ebg=0 eV are related to the difference in the absolute electronegativities of Ca and Sr, from which the following empirical phenomenological rule is postulated: replacing one alkaline earth metal in bismuthates by another causes the points of intersection of the linear correlations ECB(Ebg) and EVB(Ebg) to be displaced by an amount equal to twice the difference in absolute electronegativities of these metals.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalChemCatChem
Early online date2 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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