Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on soils buried under Scythian fortification in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain

Alexey Rusakov, Alexander Makeev, Olga Khokhlova, Pavel Kust, Marina Lebedeva, Timofey Chernov, Alexandra Golyeva, Alexander Popov, Fatima Kurbanova, Tatiana Puzanova

Research output

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Landscape response to Late Holocene climatic cycles is based on detailed hierarchical morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil chronosequence which included a soil buried under a fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (Luvic Chernozem) and a surface soil (Chernic Greyzemic Luvic Phaeozem) in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (non-carbonate loess underlain by carbonate loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil was truncated by at 40 cm and transformed by diagenesis. Taking this into account it was possible to reconstruct the soil formed by the time of burial under the earth wall and to classify it as (Chernic) Luvic Phaeozem. Both surface and buried soils are polygenetic combining the features of humid (forest?) and steppe pedogenesis. The radiocarbon data obtained from the Humic horizon of the buried soil (6750 ± 120 years CalBP) allows bracketing the steppe environment to the mid-Holocene (Atlantic period). Pedogenetic evolution since the Early Iron Age included the next stage of clay illuviation (formation of thin hypo-coatings.) and the development of Greyzemic features. The studied Phaeozems indicate relative landscape stability at the southern boundary of the forest-steppe zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-217
Number of pages21
JournalQuaternary International
Volume502
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

forest-steppe
paleosol
Phaeozem
Iron Age
steppe
loess
Holocene
Chernozem
soil
pedogenesis
chronosequence
diagenesis
coating
lithology
soil surface
carbonate
clay
plain

Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Rusakov, Alexey ; Makeev, Alexander ; Khokhlova, Olga ; Kust, Pavel ; Lebedeva, Marina ; Chernov, Timofey ; Golyeva, Alexandra ; Popov, Alexander ; Kurbanova, Fatima ; Puzanova, Tatiana. / Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on soils buried under Scythian fortification in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. In: Quaternary International. 2019 ; Vol. 502. pp. 197-217.
@article{895aaf6a191a4567a5e48c0305d9d3aa,
title = "Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on soils buried under Scythian fortification in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain",
abstract = "Landscape response to Late Holocene climatic cycles is based on detailed hierarchical morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil chronosequence which included a soil buried under a fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (Luvic Chernozem) and a surface soil (Chernic Greyzemic Luvic Phaeozem) in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (non-carbonate loess underlain by carbonate loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil was truncated by at 40 cm and transformed by diagenesis. Taking this into account it was possible to reconstruct the soil formed by the time of burial under the earth wall and to classify it as (Chernic) Luvic Phaeozem. Both surface and buried soils are polygenetic combining the features of humid (forest?) and steppe pedogenesis. The radiocarbon data obtained from the Humic horizon of the buried soil (6750 ± 120 years CalBP) allows bracketing the steppe environment to the mid-Holocene (Atlantic period). Pedogenetic evolution since the Early Iron Age included the next stage of clay illuviation (formation of thin hypo-coatings.) and the development of Greyzemic features. The studied Phaeozems indicate relative landscape stability at the southern boundary of the forest-steppe zone.",
keywords = "Ancient settlement, Forest-steppe, Late Holocene, Microbial genes, Phaeozems, Soil chronosequence, PALEOSOL",
author = "Alexey Rusakov and Alexander Makeev and Olga Khokhlova and Pavel Kust and Marina Lebedeva and Timofey Chernov and Alexandra Golyeva and Alexander Popov and Fatima Kurbanova and Tatiana Puzanova",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.quaint.2018.05.016",
language = "English",
volume = "502",
pages = "197--217",
journal = "Quaternary International",
issn = "1040-6182",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on soils buried under Scythian fortification in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. / Rusakov, Alexey; Makeev, Alexander; Khokhlova, Olga; Kust, Pavel; Lebedeva, Marina; Chernov, Timofey; Golyeva, Alexandra; Popov, Alexander; Kurbanova, Fatima; Puzanova, Tatiana.

In: Quaternary International, Vol. 502, 30.01.2019, p. 197-217.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on soils buried under Scythian fortification in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain

AU - Rusakov, Alexey

AU - Makeev, Alexander

AU - Khokhlova, Olga

AU - Kust, Pavel

AU - Lebedeva, Marina

AU - Chernov, Timofey

AU - Golyeva, Alexandra

AU - Popov, Alexander

AU - Kurbanova, Fatima

AU - Puzanova, Tatiana

PY - 2019/1/30

Y1 - 2019/1/30

N2 - Landscape response to Late Holocene climatic cycles is based on detailed hierarchical morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil chronosequence which included a soil buried under a fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (Luvic Chernozem) and a surface soil (Chernic Greyzemic Luvic Phaeozem) in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (non-carbonate loess underlain by carbonate loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil was truncated by at 40 cm and transformed by diagenesis. Taking this into account it was possible to reconstruct the soil formed by the time of burial under the earth wall and to classify it as (Chernic) Luvic Phaeozem. Both surface and buried soils are polygenetic combining the features of humid (forest?) and steppe pedogenesis. The radiocarbon data obtained from the Humic horizon of the buried soil (6750 ± 120 years CalBP) allows bracketing the steppe environment to the mid-Holocene (Atlantic period). Pedogenetic evolution since the Early Iron Age included the next stage of clay illuviation (formation of thin hypo-coatings.) and the development of Greyzemic features. The studied Phaeozems indicate relative landscape stability at the southern boundary of the forest-steppe zone.

AB - Landscape response to Late Holocene climatic cycles is based on detailed hierarchical morphological, analytical and micro-biomorphic research of a soil chronosequence which included a soil buried under a fortification earth wall of the Early Iron Age (Luvic Chernozem) and a surface soil (Chernic Greyzemic Luvic Phaeozem) in the southern forest-steppe area of the East European Plain. Both soils formed on similar surfaces with the same lithology (non-carbonate loess underlain by carbonate loess), at the same elevation, and in close proximity to each other. The buried soil was truncated by at 40 cm and transformed by diagenesis. Taking this into account it was possible to reconstruct the soil formed by the time of burial under the earth wall and to classify it as (Chernic) Luvic Phaeozem. Both surface and buried soils are polygenetic combining the features of humid (forest?) and steppe pedogenesis. The radiocarbon data obtained from the Humic horizon of the buried soil (6750 ± 120 years CalBP) allows bracketing the steppe environment to the mid-Holocene (Atlantic period). Pedogenetic evolution since the Early Iron Age included the next stage of clay illuviation (formation of thin hypo-coatings.) and the development of Greyzemic features. The studied Phaeozems indicate relative landscape stability at the southern boundary of the forest-steppe zone.

KW - Ancient settlement

KW - Forest-steppe

KW - Late Holocene

KW - Microbial genes

KW - Phaeozems

KW - Soil chronosequence

KW - PALEOSOL

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047243294&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/paleoenvironmental-reconstruction-based-soils-buried-under-scythian-fortification-southern-forestste

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/paleoenvironmental-reconstruction-based-soils-buried-under-scythian-fortification-southern-forestste-1

U2 - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.05.016

DO - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.05.016

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85047243294

VL - 502

SP - 197

EP - 217

JO - Quaternary International

JF - Quaternary International

SN - 1040-6182

ER -