Specific features of surfactant diffusion in micellar systems are described in terms of mobility, i.e., the limiting velocity of a particle under the action of a unit force. Micellar solutions of nonionic and ionic surfactants are analyzed. A relation is established between average surfactant mobility and the mobilities of individual particles. Although micelles have a lower mobility than monomers have, the average mobility of surfactants is shown to increase rather than decrease upon micellization. In parallel, formulas describing diffusion coefficients are derived, with part of the formulas having been available in the literature.
Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry