К вопросу о распределении глагольных наклонений в придаточных предложениях с союзами ut/quod/cum xplicativum

Research output


In the opposition of Latin verbal moods «indicative – subjunctive», the
latter is a marked element, and its use in dependent predication must be
semantically motivated. Since each language sign has a certain grammatical meaning, the choice of verbal mood in each case requires an explanation.
Typically, the choice of an indicative or subjunctive is explained with
the help of the categories «real – imaginary, objective – subjective, epistemically reliable – doubtful, direct – indirect speech» etc. If these categories do not work, the subjunctive is treated as a formal marker of subordination. However, there remains a group of clauses under the common title explicativum, for which such explanations are not suitable. These are the subordinates introduced by the conjunctions ut/ quod/ cum explicativum, of which quod and cum explicativum are always combined with the verb predicate in the indicative while ut explicativum, on the contrary, requires the subjunctive.
Within the traditional semantical approach, this problem has not been
explained, so the author proposes to consider it from a pragmatic point of
view. As was shown by a pragmatic analysis, the communicative status of
subordinate clauses with ut and quod/ cum is not the same: propositions
with ut explicativum introduce a piece of new information, and thus perform the pragmatic function of rheme (focus), while propositions with quod/ cum explicativum contain information already known to the addressee from the preceding context, and its communicative status is theme (topic). By applying the extended concept of irrealis and by involving not only the speaker, but also the addressee in the analysis of the language situation the author shows that the subjunctive in the subordinates with ut explicativum marks less epistemic certainty of information and draws the addressee’s attention to the content of the clause, thereby helping the speaker to achieve the main goal of language communication.
Original languageRussian
Title of host publicationИндоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология - XXIII (чтения памяти И. М. Тронского).
Subtitle of host publicationМатериалы Международной конференции
EditorsН.Н. Казанский
Place of PublicationСПб.
PublisherИздательство "Наука"
ISBN (Print)9785020403345
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
EventИндоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология (Чтения памяти И.М.Тронского - Институт лингвистических исследований РАН, Санкт-Петербург
Duration: 24 Jun 201926 Jun 2019
Conference number: 23

Publication series

NameИндоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология
PublisherИнститут лингвистических исследований РАН
ISSN (Print)2306-9015


ConferenceИндоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология (Чтения памяти И.М.Тронского
CountryRussian Federation


Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Желтова, Е. В. (2019). К вопросу о распределении глагольных наклонений в придаточных предложениях с союзами ut/quod/cum xplicativum. In Н. Н. Казанский (Ed.), Индоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология - XXIII (чтения памяти И. М. Тронского).: Материалы Международной конференции (pp. 325-333). (Индоевропейское языкознание и классическая филология; Vol. XXIII, No. 1). СПб.: Издательство "Наука". https://doi.org/DOI:10.30842/ielcp230690152327