Abstract

The 4-X-5-nitro substituted phthalodinitriles (X = Br 1, I 2) were crystallized from Me 2SO solutions affording crystalline adducts (1-2)·Me 2SO, which were characterized by X-ray crystallography at various temperatures (>40 K). The two adducts are isomorphic and exhibit in their XRD structures the heteroleptic dipole-dipole four-center contacts between the S=O and CN functionalities. Results of DFT calculations within the "molecular" approach based on the experimental X-ray geometries of (1-2)·Me 2SO followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution (QTAIM analysis) at the M06-2X/x2c-TZVPPall level of theory confirm the presence of sulfoxide-nitrile heteroleptic dipole-dipole interactions in the solid state (their estimated strength does not exceed 7 kcal/mol). DFT calculations for 1·Me 2SO were also performed in both the periodic and "molecular" models at the DFT M06 level of theory using DZVP and pob-TZVP bases; the results of the electron density topological analysis are similar in both models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3417-3428
Number of pages12
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume20
Issue number5
Early online date9 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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