Multisensor systems by electrochemical nanowire assembly for the analysis of aqueous solutions

Konstantin G. Nikolaev, Yury E. Ermolenko, Andreas Offenhäusser, Sergey S. Ermakov, Yulia G. Mourzina

Research output

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of electrochemical multisensor systems is driven by the need for fast, miniature, inexpensive, analytical devices, and advanced interdisciplinary based on both chemometric and (nano)material approaches. A multicomponent analysis of complex mixtures in environmental and technological monitoring, biological samples, and cell culture requires chip-based multisensor systems with high-stability sensors. In this paper, we describe the development, characterization, and applications of chip-based nanoelectrochemical sensor arrays prepared by the directed electrochemical nanowire assembly (DENA) of noble metals and metal alloys to analyze aqueous solutions. A synergic action of the electrode transducer function and electrocatalytic activity of the nanostructured surface toward analytes is achieved in the assembled metal nanowire (NW) sensors. Various sensor nanomaterials (Pd, Ni, Au, and their multicomponent compositions) can be electrochemically assembled on a single chip without employing multiple cycles of photolithography process to realize multi-analyte sensing applications as well as spatial resolution of sensor analysis by this single-chip multisensor system. For multi-analyte electrochemical sensing, individual amperometric signals of two or more nanowires can be acquired, making use of the specific electrocatalytic surface properties of the individual nanowire sensors of the array toward analytes. To demonstrate the application of a new electrochemical multisensor platform, Pd-Au, Pd-Ni, Pd, and Au NW electrode arrays on a single chip were employed for the non-enzymatic analysis of hydrogen peroxide, glucose, and ethanol. The analytes are determined at low absolute values of the detection potentials with linear concentration ranges of 1.0 × 10-6 - 1.0 × 10-3 M (H2O2), 1.5 × 10-7 - 2.0 × 10-3 M (glucose), and 0.7 × 10-3 - 3.0 × 10-2 M (ethanol), detection limits of 2 × 10-7 M (H2O2), 4 × 10-8 M (glucose), and 5.2 × 10-4 M (ethanol), and sensitivities of 18 μA M-1 (H2O2), 178 μA M-1 (glucose), and 28 μA M-1 (ethanol), respectively. The sensors demonstrate a high level of stability due to the non-enzymatic detection mode. Based on the DENA-assembled nanowire electrodes of a compositional diversity, we propose a novel single-chip electrochemical multisensor platform, which is promising for acquiring complex analytical signals for advanced data processing with chemometric techniques aimed at the development of electronic tongue-type multisensor systems for flexible multi-analyte monitoring and healthcare applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number256
JournalFrontiers in Chemistry
Volume6
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Sensor data fusion
Nanowires
Sensors
Ethanol
Glucose
Electrodes
Electronic tongues
Metals
Monitoring
Sensor arrays
Photolithography
Precious metals
Complex Mixtures
Cell culture
Nanostructured materials
Hydrogen Peroxide
Surface properties
Transducers
Chemical analysis

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Multisensor systems by electrochemical nanowire assembly for the analysis of aqueous solutions",
abstract = "The development of electrochemical multisensor systems is driven by the need for fast, miniature, inexpensive, analytical devices, and advanced interdisciplinary based on both chemometric and (nano)material approaches. A multicomponent analysis of complex mixtures in environmental and technological monitoring, biological samples, and cell culture requires chip-based multisensor systems with high-stability sensors. In this paper, we describe the development, characterization, and applications of chip-based nanoelectrochemical sensor arrays prepared by the directed electrochemical nanowire assembly (DENA) of noble metals and metal alloys to analyze aqueous solutions. A synergic action of the electrode transducer function and electrocatalytic activity of the nanostructured surface toward analytes is achieved in the assembled metal nanowire (NW) sensors. Various sensor nanomaterials (Pd, Ni, Au, and their multicomponent compositions) can be electrochemically assembled on a single chip without employing multiple cycles of photolithography process to realize multi-analyte sensing applications as well as spatial resolution of sensor analysis by this single-chip multisensor system. For multi-analyte electrochemical sensing, individual amperometric signals of two or more nanowires can be acquired, making use of the specific electrocatalytic surface properties of the individual nanowire sensors of the array toward analytes. To demonstrate the application of a new electrochemical multisensor platform, Pd-Au, Pd-Ni, Pd, and Au NW electrode arrays on a single chip were employed for the non-enzymatic analysis of hydrogen peroxide, glucose, and ethanol. The analytes are determined at low absolute values of the detection potentials with linear concentration ranges of 1.0 × 10-6 - 1.0 × 10-3 M (H2O2), 1.5 × 10-7 - 2.0 × 10-3 M (glucose), and 0.7 × 10-3 - 3.0 × 10-2 M (ethanol), detection limits of 2 × 10-7 M (H2O2), 4 × 10-8 M (glucose), and 5.2 × 10-4 M (ethanol), and sensitivities of 18 μA M-1 (H2O2), 178 μA M-1 (glucose), and 28 μA M-1 (ethanol), respectively. The sensors demonstrate a high level of stability due to the non-enzymatic detection mode. Based on the DENA-assembled nanowire electrodes of a compositional diversity, we propose a novel single-chip electrochemical multisensor platform, which is promising for acquiring complex analytical signals for advanced data processing with chemometric techniques aimed at the development of electronic tongue-type multisensor systems for flexible multi-analyte monitoring and healthcare applications.",
keywords = "Electrochemical sensor, Ethanol, Glucose, Hydrogen peroxide, Metal nanowire assembly, Multisensor system, Non-enzymatic, Sensor array",
author = "Nikolaev, {Konstantin G.} and Ermolenko, {Yury E.} and Andreas Offenh{\"a}usser and Ermakov, {Sergey S.} and Mourzina, {Yulia G.}",
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doi = "10.3389/fchem.2018.00256",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Frontiers in Chemistry",
issn = "2296-2646",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",
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Multisensor systems by electrochemical nanowire assembly for the analysis of aqueous solutions. / Nikolaev, Konstantin G.; Ermolenko, Yury E.; Offenhäusser, Andreas; Ermakov, Sergey S.; Mourzina, Yulia G.

In: Frontiers in Chemistry, Vol. 6, No. JUN, 256, 29.06.2018.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multisensor systems by electrochemical nanowire assembly for the analysis of aqueous solutions

AU - Nikolaev, Konstantin G.

AU - Ermolenko, Yury E.

AU - Offenhäusser, Andreas

AU - Ermakov, Sergey S.

AU - Mourzina, Yulia G.

PY - 2018/6/29

Y1 - 2018/6/29

N2 - The development of electrochemical multisensor systems is driven by the need for fast, miniature, inexpensive, analytical devices, and advanced interdisciplinary based on both chemometric and (nano)material approaches. A multicomponent analysis of complex mixtures in environmental and technological monitoring, biological samples, and cell culture requires chip-based multisensor systems with high-stability sensors. In this paper, we describe the development, characterization, and applications of chip-based nanoelectrochemical sensor arrays prepared by the directed electrochemical nanowire assembly (DENA) of noble metals and metal alloys to analyze aqueous solutions. A synergic action of the electrode transducer function and electrocatalytic activity of the nanostructured surface toward analytes is achieved in the assembled metal nanowire (NW) sensors. Various sensor nanomaterials (Pd, Ni, Au, and their multicomponent compositions) can be electrochemically assembled on a single chip without employing multiple cycles of photolithography process to realize multi-analyte sensing applications as well as spatial resolution of sensor analysis by this single-chip multisensor system. For multi-analyte electrochemical sensing, individual amperometric signals of two or more nanowires can be acquired, making use of the specific electrocatalytic surface properties of the individual nanowire sensors of the array toward analytes. To demonstrate the application of a new electrochemical multisensor platform, Pd-Au, Pd-Ni, Pd, and Au NW electrode arrays on a single chip were employed for the non-enzymatic analysis of hydrogen peroxide, glucose, and ethanol. The analytes are determined at low absolute values of the detection potentials with linear concentration ranges of 1.0 × 10-6 - 1.0 × 10-3 M (H2O2), 1.5 × 10-7 - 2.0 × 10-3 M (glucose), and 0.7 × 10-3 - 3.0 × 10-2 M (ethanol), detection limits of 2 × 10-7 M (H2O2), 4 × 10-8 M (glucose), and 5.2 × 10-4 M (ethanol), and sensitivities of 18 μA M-1 (H2O2), 178 μA M-1 (glucose), and 28 μA M-1 (ethanol), respectively. The sensors demonstrate a high level of stability due to the non-enzymatic detection mode. Based on the DENA-assembled nanowire electrodes of a compositional diversity, we propose a novel single-chip electrochemical multisensor platform, which is promising for acquiring complex analytical signals for advanced data processing with chemometric techniques aimed at the development of electronic tongue-type multisensor systems for flexible multi-analyte monitoring and healthcare applications.

AB - The development of electrochemical multisensor systems is driven by the need for fast, miniature, inexpensive, analytical devices, and advanced interdisciplinary based on both chemometric and (nano)material approaches. A multicomponent analysis of complex mixtures in environmental and technological monitoring, biological samples, and cell culture requires chip-based multisensor systems with high-stability sensors. In this paper, we describe the development, characterization, and applications of chip-based nanoelectrochemical sensor arrays prepared by the directed electrochemical nanowire assembly (DENA) of noble metals and metal alloys to analyze aqueous solutions. A synergic action of the electrode transducer function and electrocatalytic activity of the nanostructured surface toward analytes is achieved in the assembled metal nanowire (NW) sensors. Various sensor nanomaterials (Pd, Ni, Au, and their multicomponent compositions) can be electrochemically assembled on a single chip without employing multiple cycles of photolithography process to realize multi-analyte sensing applications as well as spatial resolution of sensor analysis by this single-chip multisensor system. For multi-analyte electrochemical sensing, individual amperometric signals of two or more nanowires can be acquired, making use of the specific electrocatalytic surface properties of the individual nanowire sensors of the array toward analytes. To demonstrate the application of a new electrochemical multisensor platform, Pd-Au, Pd-Ni, Pd, and Au NW electrode arrays on a single chip were employed for the non-enzymatic analysis of hydrogen peroxide, glucose, and ethanol. The analytes are determined at low absolute values of the detection potentials with linear concentration ranges of 1.0 × 10-6 - 1.0 × 10-3 M (H2O2), 1.5 × 10-7 - 2.0 × 10-3 M (glucose), and 0.7 × 10-3 - 3.0 × 10-2 M (ethanol), detection limits of 2 × 10-7 M (H2O2), 4 × 10-8 M (glucose), and 5.2 × 10-4 M (ethanol), and sensitivities of 18 μA M-1 (H2O2), 178 μA M-1 (glucose), and 28 μA M-1 (ethanol), respectively. The sensors demonstrate a high level of stability due to the non-enzymatic detection mode. Based on the DENA-assembled nanowire electrodes of a compositional diversity, we propose a novel single-chip electrochemical multisensor platform, which is promising for acquiring complex analytical signals for advanced data processing with chemometric techniques aimed at the development of electronic tongue-type multisensor systems for flexible multi-analyte monitoring and healthcare applications.

KW - Electrochemical sensor

KW - Ethanol

KW - Glucose

KW - Hydrogen peroxide

KW - Metal nanowire assembly

KW - Multisensor system

KW - Non-enzymatic

KW - Sensor array

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U2 - 10.3389/fchem.2018.00256

DO - 10.3389/fchem.2018.00256

M3 - Article

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VL - 6

JO - Frontiers in Chemistry

JF - Frontiers in Chemistry

SN - 2296-2646

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ER -