Molecular genetic mechanisms of sugar transport in plants in the absence and during arbuscular mycoryza development

A. P. Yurkov, A. A. Kryukov, A. O. Gorbunova, A. M. Afonin, A. A. Kirpichnikova, K. S. Dobryakova, E. M. Machs, M. F. Shishova

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

The review is aimed to analyze molecular mechanisms of carbohydrate transport during the formation of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), a widespread symbiosis of plants with Glomeromycotina subdivision fungi. Due to AM-symbiosis, plants receive microelements, mainly phosphorus, and fungi are supplied by products of carbon assimilation. The study of sugar transport mechanisms in plants as well as between plants and symbiont is methodologically difficult because of the obligatory status of AM fungi. The mechanisms of carbohydrate transport in leaf and root cells are concerned, particular interest is paid to transporters, specific to AM structures. Several resumptive schemes are designed. SWEET family of transporters (Sugars Will Eventually be Export-ed Transporters), including AM-specific uniporters are reviewed. We summarize results on expression of genes encoding transporter in cells of plants without AM, in AM-plant cells with arbuscules and AM-plant cells without arbuscules. The data on genes of MST proteins family (Monosaccharide Transporters) participating in direct transport of sugars from the soil to the foliar mycelium of AM fungi are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-99
Number of pages19
JournalEcological Genetics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Mycorrhizae
arbuscular mycorrhiza
Fungi
mycorrhizae
Sugars
molecular genetics
Molecular Biology
sugar
sugars
transporters
Carbohydrates
Plant Cells
fungus
Gene encoding
Monosaccharides
fungi
Symbiosis
Phosphorus
symbiosis
Byproducts

Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry
  • Ecology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

@article{a0fdde59659446179ffe5ee54088948a,
title = "Molecular genetic mechanisms of sugar transport in plants in the absence and during arbuscular mycoryza development",
abstract = "The review is aimed to analyze molecular mechanisms of carbohydrate transport during the formation of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), a widespread symbiosis of plants with Glomeromycotina subdivision fungi. Due to AM-symbiosis, plants receive microelements, mainly phosphorus, and fungi are supplied by products of carbon assimilation. The study of sugar transport mechanisms in plants as well as between plants and symbiont is methodologically difficult because of the obligatory status of AM fungi. The mechanisms of carbohydrate transport in leaf and root cells are concerned, particular interest is paid to transporters, specific to AM structures. Several resumptive schemes are designed. SWEET family of transporters (Sugars Will Eventually be Export-ed Transporters), including AM-specific uniporters are reviewed. We summarize results on expression of genes encoding transporter in cells of plants without AM, in AM-plant cells with arbuscules and AM-plant cells without arbuscules. The data on genes of MST proteins family (Monosaccharide Transporters) participating in direct transport of sugars from the soil to the foliar mycelium of AM fungi are considered.",
keywords = "Apoplast, Arbuscular mycorrhiza, Glucose, MST, Sucrose, Sugar transport, Sugar transporter genes, SUT, SWEET, Sym-plast",
author = "Yurkov, {A. P.} and Kryukov, {A. A.} and Gorbunova, {A. O.} and Afonin, {A. M.} and Kirpichnikova, {A. A.} and Dobryakova, {K. S.} and Machs, {E. M.} and Shishova, {M. F.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.17816/ecogen17181-99",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "81--99",
journal = "ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕНЕТИКА",
issn = "1811-0932",
publisher = "Эко-Вектор",
number = "1",

}

Molecular genetic mechanisms of sugar transport in plants in the absence and during arbuscular mycoryza development. / Yurkov, A. P.; Kryukov, A. A.; Gorbunova, A. O.; Afonin, A. M.; Kirpichnikova, A. A.; Dobryakova, K. S.; Machs, E. M.; Shishova, M. F.

In: Ecological Genetics, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2019, p. 81-99.

Research outputpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular genetic mechanisms of sugar transport in plants in the absence and during arbuscular mycoryza development

AU - Yurkov, A. P.

AU - Kryukov, A. A.

AU - Gorbunova, A. O.

AU - Afonin, A. M.

AU - Kirpichnikova, A. A.

AU - Dobryakova, K. S.

AU - Machs, E. M.

AU - Shishova, M. F.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The review is aimed to analyze molecular mechanisms of carbohydrate transport during the formation of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), a widespread symbiosis of plants with Glomeromycotina subdivision fungi. Due to AM-symbiosis, plants receive microelements, mainly phosphorus, and fungi are supplied by products of carbon assimilation. The study of sugar transport mechanisms in plants as well as between plants and symbiont is methodologically difficult because of the obligatory status of AM fungi. The mechanisms of carbohydrate transport in leaf and root cells are concerned, particular interest is paid to transporters, specific to AM structures. Several resumptive schemes are designed. SWEET family of transporters (Sugars Will Eventually be Export-ed Transporters), including AM-specific uniporters are reviewed. We summarize results on expression of genes encoding transporter in cells of plants without AM, in AM-plant cells with arbuscules and AM-plant cells without arbuscules. The data on genes of MST proteins family (Monosaccharide Transporters) participating in direct transport of sugars from the soil to the foliar mycelium of AM fungi are considered.

AB - The review is aimed to analyze molecular mechanisms of carbohydrate transport during the formation of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), a widespread symbiosis of plants with Glomeromycotina subdivision fungi. Due to AM-symbiosis, plants receive microelements, mainly phosphorus, and fungi are supplied by products of carbon assimilation. The study of sugar transport mechanisms in plants as well as between plants and symbiont is methodologically difficult because of the obligatory status of AM fungi. The mechanisms of carbohydrate transport in leaf and root cells are concerned, particular interest is paid to transporters, specific to AM structures. Several resumptive schemes are designed. SWEET family of transporters (Sugars Will Eventually be Export-ed Transporters), including AM-specific uniporters are reviewed. We summarize results on expression of genes encoding transporter in cells of plants without AM, in AM-plant cells with arbuscules and AM-plant cells without arbuscules. The data on genes of MST proteins family (Monosaccharide Transporters) participating in direct transport of sugars from the soil to the foliar mycelium of AM fungi are considered.

KW - Apoplast

KW - Arbuscular mycorrhiza

KW - Glucose

KW - MST

KW - Sucrose

KW - Sugar transport

KW - Sugar transporter genes

KW - SUT

KW - SWEET

KW - Sym-plast

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064384595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17816/ecogen17181-99

DO - 10.17816/ecogen17181-99

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 81

EP - 99

JO - ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕНЕТИКА

JF - ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕНЕТИКА

SN - 1811-0932

IS - 1

ER -