The production cross section of 30.92 GeV/c protons on carbon is measured by the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron by means of beam attenuation in a copy (replica) of the 90-cm-long target of the T2K neutrino oscillation experiment. The employed method for direct production cross-section estimation minimizes model corrections for elastic and quasielastic interactions. The obtained production cross section is σprod=227.6±0.8(stat)-3.2+1.9(sys)-0.8(mod) mb. It is in agreement with previous NA61/SHINE results obtained with a thin carbon target, while providing improved precision with a total fractional uncertainty of less than 2%. This direct measurement will reduce the uncertainty of the T2K neutrino flux prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012006
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number1
StatePublished - 12 Jan 2021

Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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