Marine co-rich ferromanganese crust deposits: Description and formation, occurrences and distribution, estimated world-wide resources

Peter E. Halbach, Andreas Jahn, Georgy Cherkashov

Research output

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from the seafloor are gaining significance due to the presence of a variety of major, minor, and trace metals that are of strategic importance for sustained demands of the industry in future. This chapter describes the occurrence and nature, mineralogy, formation and growth, chemical composition as well as their inter-relationships. The chapter further looks at total and regional metal potentials and proposes a resource assessment model for ferromanganese crust deposits and their economic considerations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeep-Sea Mining
Subtitle of host publicationResource Potential, Technical and Environmental Considerations
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages65-141
Number of pages77
ISBN (Electronic)9783319525570
ISBN (Print)9783319525563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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