Low-temperature equilibriums in solutions of isocyanide-phosphine complexes of palladium(II) chloride

M. A. Kinzhalov, A. V. Buldakov, A. V. Petrov, K. T. Mahmudov, A. Yu Ivanov, V. V. Suslonov

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3 Scopus citations


cis-[PdCl2(CNR)(PPh3)] [R = Cy, t-Bu, C(Me)2CH2C(Me)3] have been synthesized via the interaction of [(PPh3)ClPd(μ-Cl)2PdCl(PPh3)] with isocyanide in CH2Cl2 at room temperature with 90–98% yield and characterized by means of mass spectrometry as well as 1H, 13C{1H, 31P}, and 31P{1H} NMR spectroscopy. The complexes structure in the solid phase has been elucidated by means of X-ray diffraction analysis. Dynamic processes in the solutions of the complexes in CDCl3 and CD2Cl2 at temperature of–95 to 60°С have been studied by means of 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy. It has been found that the studied compounds existed exclusively in the cis-[PdCl2(CNR)(PPh3)] form in the solutions. In the case of cis-[PdCl2(CNCy)(PPh3)] in CH2Cl2, the conformational transitions of the equilibrium forms (the transition of the substituent in the cyclohexyl cycle between the equatorial and axial positions) are slowed down, the equatorial conformer prevailing in the solution (2: 1 at–95°С). Quantum-chemical simulation (DFT) has revealed that the standard Gibbs energy of the conformational transition from the axial form of cis-[PdCl2(CNCy)(PPh3)] into the equatorial one in the CH2Cl2 solution at 178 K equals–2.5 kJ/mol, being in agreement with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2605-2611
Number of pages7
JournalRussian Journal of General Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


  • isocyanide
  • palladium complex
  • phosphine
  • tautomeric equilibrium

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