Lattice dynamics of β-V 2O 5: Raman spectroscopic insight into the atomistic structure of a high-pressure vanadium pentoxide polymorph

R. Baddour-Hadjean, M. B. Smirnov, K. S. Smirnov, V. Yu Kazimirov, J. M. Gallardo-Amores, U. Amador, M. E. Arroyo-De Dompablo, J. P. Pereira-Ramos

Research outputpeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here the Raman spectrum and lattice dynamics study of a well-crystallized β-V 2O 5 material prepared via a high-temperature/high-pressure (HT/HP) route, using α-V 2O 5 as the precursor. Periodic quantum-chemical density functional theory calculations show good agreement with the experimental results and allow one to assign the observed spectral features to specific vibrational modes in the β-V 2O 5 polymorph. Key structure-spectrum relationships are extracted from comparative analysis of the vibrational states of the β-V 2O 5 and α-V 2O 5 structures, and spectral patterns specific to the basic units of the two V 2O 5 phases are proposed for the first time. Such results open the way for the use of Raman spectroscopy for the structural characterization of vanadium oxide-based host lattices of interest in the field of lithium batteries and help us to greatly understand the atomistic mechanism involved in the α-to-β phase transition of vanadium pentoxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3194-3201
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2012

Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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