A new freshwater species of naked lobose amoebae, Korotnevella novazelandica n. sp. (Amoebozoa, Discosea, Flabellinia, Dactylopodida), from New Zealand was studied and described. This species has sombrero-shaped as well as dish-shaped scales, a combination previously not known in Korotnevella. Phylogenetic analysis based on 18S rRNA gene placed it in a clade along with Korotnevella species possessing uniform sombrero-shaped scales: K. pelagolacustris, K. jeppesenii and K. fousta. At the level of light microscopy, K. novazelandica lacks clear distinctions from the above-mentioned species, but it could be easily distinguished from them in electron microscopy by the presence of dish-shaped scales. The presence of dish-shaped scales may be considered as a primitive character for the K. pelagolacustris + K. jeppesenii + K. fousta + K. novazelandica clade, which were secondarily lost in the most of species in this clade. The sombrero-shaped scales could have evolved from basket scales or developed de novo after the loss of basket scales.
- 18S rRNA gene
- molecular phylogeny