Key words or key pictures: what is better for text comprehension?

E. Grebennikova , T. Petrova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the comprehension of a text which was presented to a reader with the key-word set matched to this text and processing of the same document with pictures illustrating the text content. 34 learners of Russian as a foreign language balanced by age, gender, and education level participated in the experiment. Each participant read three different texts, and had to retell them and answer 9 questions after each text: 6 questions concerning the local content of the text, 2 questions concerning the general analysis and comprehension of the text, 1 question for estimating whether the text was difficult or easy to read and comprehend. In the preliminary experiment, we revealed a “true” key-word set for each stimulus (https://advego.com/text/seo/). According to [Murzin, Shtern, 1991], a key-word set is a minimum content of a text. The comparison of the "true" key-word set with an individual set can reveal the level of text comprehension. Our findings demonstrated significant differences in the processing of the texts matched with the different types of support. Presentation of the key-word set helps to make the retellings longer, while a set of pictures matched to the verbal component leads to the subjective difficulty of the text. There was no significant difference in answering after-the-text questions. The results support the assumption of the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer, 2009) that integration of verbal and pictural information with each other (a polycode text) helps the learners to understand and memorize the text.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts of The Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019)
EditorsТ.В. Черниговская, Т.Е. Петрова, Н.А. Слюсарь
Place of PublicationСПБ.
Pages51
StatePublished - 16 Dec 2019
EventThe Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019) - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 16 Dec 201917 Dec 2019

Conference

ConferenceThe Fifth Saint Petersburg Winter Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language (Night Whites 2019)
Abbreviated titleNight Whites 2019
CountryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg
Period16/12/1917/12/19

Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Keywords

  • чтение текста
  • ключевые слова
  • поликодовый текст

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