Investigation of Melts of Polybutylcarbosilane Dendrimers by 1H NMR Spectroscopy

Vladimir V. Matveev, Denis A. Markelov, Sergey V. Dvinskikh, Andrei N. Shishkin, Konstantin V. Tyutyukin, Anastasia V. Penkova, Elena A. Tatarinova, Galina M. Ignat'Eva, Sergey A. Milenin

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Abstract

Melts of polybutylcarbosilane (PBC) dendrimers from third (G3) up to sixth (G6) generations are investigated by 1H NMR spectroscopy in a wide temperature range up to 493 K. At room temperature, NMR spectra of G3-G5 dendrimers exhibit resolved, solution-like spectra ("liquid" phase). In contrast, the spectrum of the G6 dendrimer is characterized by a single unresolved broad line at whole temperature range, which supports the presence of an anomalous phase state of G6 at temperatures higher than glass transition temperature. For the first time, an unexpected transition of G5 dendrimer from a molecular liquid state to an anomalous state/phase upon temperature increase has been detected using NMR data. Specifically, an additional wide background line appears in the G5 spectrum above 473 K, and this line corresponds to a G5 state characterized by restricted molecular mobility, i.e., a state similar to the "anomalous" phase of G6 melt. The fraction of the G5 dendrimers in "anomalous" phase at 493 K is approximately 40%. Analysis of the spectral shapes suggests that changes in the G5 dendrimers are reversible with temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13710
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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