It is known that females from native populations of the multicoloured Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, have a strong photoperiodic response (enter reproductive diapause under short photoperiods), whereas the proportion of diapausing females from invasive populations is less dependent on day length. The aim of the present study was to determine the mode of inheritance of these differences. The experiments were conducted with two laboratory populations of H. axyridis, the High Diapause (HD) population originated from Irkutsk (Southern Siberia, ca 52.3°N, 104.3°E) and the Low Diapause (LD) population originated from Sochi (North Caucasus, ca 43.6°N, 39.6°E). Reciprocal first generation hybrids and reciprocal backcrosses were investigated. Under a strong diapause-inducing photoperiod (12 h) 100% of the females from the HD population and about 70% of those from the LD population entered diapause. First generation hybrids, as well as their backcrosses with individuals from the HD population, showed almost 100% diapause. Among the backcrosses with the LD population the percentage of diapausing females was widely variable (70-100%) but close to the average between the two populations. The comparison of reciprocal crosses did not reveal any significant difference. We conclude that photoperiodic induction of diapause in the populations of H. axyridis studied is most probably determined by several genes (although one of them evidently plays a leading role with diapause being dominant over non-diapause) and that male and female genotypes are equally important in the determination of female reproductive diapause.
Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science