Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (Hakim-Adams Syndrome): Clinical Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Gaspar V Gavrilov, Boris V Gaydar, Dmitry V Svistov, Alexander E Korovin, Igor N Samarcev, Leonid P Churilov, Dmitry V Tovpeko

Research outputpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
72 Downloads (Pure)


Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus is a chronic steadily progressing disease. Nowadays a vital and acute socially significant problem still has not been solved. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease remain so far poorly understood. Variable clinical manifestations, as well as difficulties in differential diagnosis with other neurodegenerative diseases - lead to underdiagnosing of the illness that causes a significant decrease in patient's quality of life and even results in disability. The number of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus has been steadily increasing. That is why, the coverage and a full study of this problem is of great interest for a broad circle of medical professionals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-744
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatria Danubina
Issue numberSuppl 5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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