Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a well-defined component of human event-related potentials that reflects the pre-attentive, stimulus-discrimination process and is associated with involuntary switching of attention. MMN-like responses detected in animal models provide an opportunity to investigate the neural mechanisms of this process that involves several neurotransmitter and neuromodulator systems. Trace amines are believed to play a significant role in neuromodulation of synaptic transmission. The present study aimed to determine the role of trace amine-associated receptor 5 (TAAR5) in the MMN-like response in rats. First, using a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) cAMP biosensor, we performed unbiased screening of TAAR5 ligands from a commercially available compound library (661 compounds) and identified 2-(alpha-naphthoyl)ethyltrimethylammonium iodide (alpha-NETA) as a potent (EC50 150 nM) TAAR5 agonist. Then, we recorded auditory event-related potentials during an oddball paradigm in awake freely moving rats that were intraperitoneally injected with a vehicle or two doses of the putative TAAR5 agonist alpha-NETA. The MMN-like response was increased by alpha-NETA 3 mg/kg dose, but not by 1 mg/kg dose or 0.9% saline solution. These results suggest that the MMN-like response in rats may be modulated, at least in part, through TAAR5-dependent processes.
Scopus subject areas
- 2-(Alpha-naphthoyl)ethyltrimethylammonium iodide (alpha-NETA)
- Awake rats
- Mismatch negativity (MMN)
- Oddball paradigm
- Trace amine-associated receptors