HYPERVENTILATION HYPOCAPNIA AS THE LEONARDO DA VINCI’S SYNDROME

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Abstract

The paper in early history of pulmonary medicine deals with studies of hypocapnia as a result of hyperventilation. Hyperventilation hypocapnia provokes respiratory alkalosis, subsequent ion changes in blood may cause disorders of myocardium conductivity and excitability resulted in arrhythmiae and even heart failure. Besides, hypocapnia limits the cerebral circulation which may be manifested in euphoria and even loss of consciousness. It is dangerous component of high altitude disease. Earliest medical descriptions of hyperventilation hypocapnia and its cardiac consequences are traditionally related with publications by an American physician of XIX age J.M. Da Costa and British doctor A.B.R. Myers. There exists a generally accepted eponym of "Da Costa syndrome". Hereby the authors for the first time coin data that disorders related to hyperventilation were described more than 360 years prior to Da Costa - by an Italian polymath of Renaissance epoch Leonardo da Vinci and suggest new eponym of "Leonardo da Vinci's syndrome". The article also briefly analyzes the medical studies of Leonardo da Vinci and his early contribution into Human Anatomy and Thyroidology.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberPMID: 30946723
Pages (from-to)75-78
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatria Danubina
Volume31
Issue numberSuppl.1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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Hypocapnia
Hyperventilation
Eponyms
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Respiratory Alkalosis
History of Medicine
Pulmonary Medicine
Numismatics
Unconsciousness
Publications
Anatomy
Myocardium
Heart Failure
Ions
Physicians
Leonardo Da Vinci
Syndrome

Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "HYPERVENTILATION HYPOCAPNIA AS THE LEONARDO DA VINCI’S SYNDROME",
abstract = "The paper in early history of pulmonary medicine deals with studies of hypocapnia as a result of hyperventilation. Hyperventilation hypocapnia provokes respiratory alkalosis, subsequent ion changes in blood may cause disorders of myocardium conductivity and excitability resulted in arrhythmiae and even heart failure. Besides, hypocapnia limits the cerebral circulation which may be manifested in euphoria and even loss of consciousness. It is dangerous component of high altitude disease. Earliest medical descriptions of hyperventilation hypocapnia and its cardiac consequences are traditionally related with publications by an American physician of XIX age J.M. Da Costa and British doctor A.B.R. Myers. There exists a generally accepted eponym of {"}Da Costa syndrome{"}. Hereby the authors for the first time coin data that disorders related to hyperventilation were described more than 360 years prior to Da Costa - by an Italian polymath of Renaissance epoch Leonardo da Vinci and suggest new eponym of {"}Leonardo da Vinci's syndrome{"}. The article also briefly analyzes the medical studies of Leonardo da Vinci and his early contribution into Human Anatomy and Thyroidology.",
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HYPERVENTILATION HYPOCAPNIA AS THE LEONARDO DA VINCI’S SYNDROME. / Stroev, Yuri I.; Churilov, Leonid P.

In: Psychiatria Danubina, Vol. 31, No. Suppl.1, PMID: 30946723, 01.03.2019, p. 75-78.

Research output

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