Hyperfine interaction in the Autler-Townes effect: The formation of bright, dark, and chameleon states

Teodora Kirova, A. Cinins, D.K. Efimov, M. Bruvelis, K. Miculis, N. N. Bezuglov, M. Auzinsh, I. I. Ryabtsev, A. Ekers

Research output

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is devoted to clarifying the implications of hyperfine (HF) interaction in the formation of adiabatic (i.e., "laser-dressed") states and their expression in the Autler-Townes (AT) spectra. We first use the Morris-Shore model [J. R. Morris and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 27, 906 (1983)] to illustrate how bright and dark states are formed in a simple reference system where closely spaced energy levels are coupled to a single state with a strong laser field with the respective Rabi frequency Omega(S). We then expand the simulations to realistic hyperfine level systems in Na atoms for a more general case when non-negligible HF interaction can be treated as a perturbation in the total system Hamiltonian. A numerical analysis of the adiabatic states that are formed by coupling of the 3p(3/2) and 4d(5/2) states by the strong laser field and probed by a weak laser field on the 3s(1/2) - 3p(3/2) transition yielded two important conclusions. Firstly, the perturbation introduced by the HF interaction leads to the observation of what we term "chameleon" states-states that change their appearance in the AT spectrum, behaving as bright states at small to moderate Omega(S), and fading from the spectrum similarly to dark states when Omega(S) is much larger than the HF splitting of the 3p3/2 state. Secondly, excitation by the probe field from two different HF levels of the ground state allows one to address orthogonal sets of adiabatic states; this enables, with appropriate choice of Omega(S) and the involved quantum states, a selective excitation of otherwise unresolved hyperfine levels in excited electronic states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043421
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2017

Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kirova, Teodora ; Cinins, A. ; Efimov, D.K. ; Bruvelis, M. ; Miculis, K. ; Bezuglov, N. N. ; Auzinsh, M. ; Ryabtsev, I. I. ; Ekers, A. / Hyperfine interaction in the Autler-Townes effect : The formation of bright, dark, and chameleon states. In: Physical Review A. 2017 ; Vol. 96, No. 4.
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Kirova, T, Cinins, A, Efimov, DK, Bruvelis, M, Miculis, K, Bezuglov, NN, Auzinsh, M, Ryabtsev, II & Ekers, A 2017, 'Hyperfine interaction in the Autler-Townes effect: The formation of bright, dark, and chameleon states', Physical Review A, vol. 96, no. 4, 043421. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.96.043421

Hyperfine interaction in the Autler-Townes effect : The formation of bright, dark, and chameleon states. / Kirova, Teodora; Cinins, A.; Efimov, D.K.; Bruvelis, M.; Miculis, K.; Bezuglov, N. N.; Auzinsh, M.; Ryabtsev, I. I.; Ekers, A.

In: Physical Review A, Vol. 96, No. 4, 043421, 26.10.2017.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hyperfine interaction in the Autler-Townes effect

T2 - The formation of bright, dark, and chameleon states

AU - Kirova, Teodora

AU - Cinins, A.

AU - Efimov, D.K.

AU - Bruvelis, M.

AU - Miculis, K.

AU - Bezuglov, N. N.

AU - Auzinsh, M.

AU - Ryabtsev, I. I.

AU - Ekers, A.

PY - 2017/10/26

Y1 - 2017/10/26

N2 - This paper is devoted to clarifying the implications of hyperfine (HF) interaction in the formation of adiabatic (i.e., "laser-dressed") states and their expression in the Autler-Townes (AT) spectra. We first use the Morris-Shore model [J. R. Morris and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 27, 906 (1983)] to illustrate how bright and dark states are formed in a simple reference system where closely spaced energy levels are coupled to a single state with a strong laser field with the respective Rabi frequency Omega(S). We then expand the simulations to realistic hyperfine level systems in Na atoms for a more general case when non-negligible HF interaction can be treated as a perturbation in the total system Hamiltonian. A numerical analysis of the adiabatic states that are formed by coupling of the 3p(3/2) and 4d(5/2) states by the strong laser field and probed by a weak laser field on the 3s(1/2) - 3p(3/2) transition yielded two important conclusions. Firstly, the perturbation introduced by the HF interaction leads to the observation of what we term "chameleon" states-states that change their appearance in the AT spectrum, behaving as bright states at small to moderate Omega(S), and fading from the spectrum similarly to dark states when Omega(S) is much larger than the HF splitting of the 3p3/2 state. Secondly, excitation by the probe field from two different HF levels of the ground state allows one to address orthogonal sets of adiabatic states; this enables, with appropriate choice of Omega(S) and the involved quantum states, a selective excitation of otherwise unresolved hyperfine levels in excited electronic states.

AB - This paper is devoted to clarifying the implications of hyperfine (HF) interaction in the formation of adiabatic (i.e., "laser-dressed") states and their expression in the Autler-Townes (AT) spectra. We first use the Morris-Shore model [J. R. Morris and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 27, 906 (1983)] to illustrate how bright and dark states are formed in a simple reference system where closely spaced energy levels are coupled to a single state with a strong laser field with the respective Rabi frequency Omega(S). We then expand the simulations to realistic hyperfine level systems in Na atoms for a more general case when non-negligible HF interaction can be treated as a perturbation in the total system Hamiltonian. A numerical analysis of the adiabatic states that are formed by coupling of the 3p(3/2) and 4d(5/2) states by the strong laser field and probed by a weak laser field on the 3s(1/2) - 3p(3/2) transition yielded two important conclusions. Firstly, the perturbation introduced by the HF interaction leads to the observation of what we term "chameleon" states-states that change their appearance in the AT spectrum, behaving as bright states at small to moderate Omega(S), and fading from the spectrum similarly to dark states when Omega(S) is much larger than the HF splitting of the 3p3/2 state. Secondly, excitation by the probe field from two different HF levels of the ground state allows one to address orthogonal sets of adiabatic states; this enables, with appropriate choice of Omega(S) and the involved quantum states, a selective excitation of otherwise unresolved hyperfine levels in excited electronic states.

KW - ATOMIC GAS

KW - LIGHT

KW - VAPOR

KW - LASER

KW - TRANSITIONS

KW - EXCITATION

KW - REDUCTION

KW - MOLECULES

KW - STORAGE

KW - FIELDS

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.043421

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.043421

M3 - статья

VL - 96

JO - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

JF - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

SN - 1050-2947

IS - 4

M1 - 043421

ER -