Hydrodynamic processes in young binaries as a source of cyclic variations in circumstellar extinction

N. Ya Sotnikova, V. P. Grinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrodynamic models of a young binary accreting matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud have been calculated by the SPH method. Periodic variations in column density in projection onto the primary component are shown to take place at low inclinations of the binary plane to the line of sight. These can result in periodic extinction variations accompanied by brightness variations in the primary. Generally, there can be three periodic components. The first component has a period equal to the orbital one and is attributable to the streams of matter penetrating into the inner regions of the binary. The second component has a period that is a factor of 5-8 longer than the orbital one and is related to the density waves generated in a circumbinary (CB) disk. Finally, the third, longest period is attributable to the precession of the inner CB disk regions. The relationship between the amplitudes of these cycles depends on the model parameters as well as on the inclination and orientation of the binary in space. We show that at a dust-togas ratio of 1: 100 and amass extinction coefficient of 250 cm2 g-1, the amplitude of the V-band brightness variations in the primary component can reach 1 m at a mass accretion rate onto the binary components of 10.8 -8 M yr-1 and a 10° inclination of the binary plane to the line of sight. We discuss possible applications of the model to young, pre-main-sequence stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-603
Number of pages10
JournalAstronomy Letters
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Accretion
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Variable extinction
  • Young binaries

Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

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abstract = "Hydrodynamic models of a young binary accreting matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud have been calculated by the SPH method. Periodic variations in column density in projection onto the primary component are shown to take place at low inclinations of the binary plane to the line of sight. These can result in periodic extinction variations accompanied by brightness variations in the primary. Generally, there can be three periodic components. The first component has a period equal to the orbital one and is attributable to the streams of matter penetrating into the inner regions of the binary. The second component has a period that is a factor of 5-8 longer than the orbital one and is related to the density waves generated in a circumbinary (CB) disk. Finally, the third, longest period is attributable to the precession of the inner CB disk regions. The relationship between the amplitudes of these cycles depends on the model parameters as well as on the inclination and orientation of the binary in space. We show that at a dust-togas ratio of 1: 100 and amass extinction coefficient of 250 cm2 g-1, the amplitude of the V-band brightness variations in the primary component can reach 1 m at a mass accretion rate onto the binary components of 10.8 -8 M⊙ yr-1 and a 10° inclination of the binary plane to the line of sight. We discuss possible applications of the model to young, pre-main-sequence stars.",
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Hydrodynamic processes in young binaries as a source of cyclic variations in circumstellar extinction. / Sotnikova, N. Ya; Grinin, V. P.

In: Astronomy Letters, Vol. 33, No. 9, 01.09.2007, p. 594-603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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