Geochemical indicators of the evolution of the ultrabasic-alkaline series of Paleozoic massifs of the Fennoscandian shield

A.A. Arzamastsev, L.V Arzamastseva

Research outputpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rare-earth element distribution in the rocks and minerals of the olivinite-clinopyroxenitemelilitolite-melteigite-ijolite-nepheline syenite series was analyzed to study the evolution trends of the alkaline-ultrabasic series of the Kola province. The contents of REE and some other trace elements were determined in olivine, melilite, clinopyroxene, nepheline, apatite, perovskite, titanite, and magnetite. It was established that distribution of most elements in the rocks of the Kovdor, Afrikanda, Vuoriyarvi, and other massifs differ from that in the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series, being controlled by perovskite crystallization. Primary olivine-melanephelinite melts of the minor ultrabasic-alkaline massifs are characterized by the early crystallization of perovskite, the main REE-Nb-Ta-Th-U depository. Precipitation of perovskite simultaneously with olivine and clinopyroxene results in the depletion of residual magma in rare-earth elements and formation of low-REE- and HFSE ijolite and nepheline syenite derivatives. In contrast, the formation of the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series was complicated by mixing of olivine melanephelinite magma with small batches of phonolitic melt. This led to a change in crystallization order of REE-bearing titanates and Ti-silicates and accumulation of the most incompatible elements in the late batches of the melt. As a result, the Khibiny ijolites have the highest REE contents, which are accommodated by high-REE apatite and titanite.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-279
Number of pages30
JournalPetrology
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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title = "Geochemical indicators of the evolution of the ultrabasic-alkaline series of Paleozoic massifs of the Fennoscandian shield",
abstract = "Rare-earth element distribution in the rocks and minerals of the olivinite-clinopyroxenitemelilitolite-melteigite-ijolite-nepheline syenite series was analyzed to study the evolution trends of the alkaline-ultrabasic series of the Kola province. The contents of REE and some other trace elements were determined in olivine, melilite, clinopyroxene, nepheline, apatite, perovskite, titanite, and magnetite. It was established that distribution of most elements in the rocks of the Kovdor, Afrikanda, Vuoriyarvi, and other massifs differ from that in the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series, being controlled by perovskite crystallization. Primary olivine-melanephelinite melts of the minor ultrabasic-alkaline massifs are characterized by the early crystallization of perovskite, the main REE-Nb-Ta-Th-U depository. Precipitation of perovskite simultaneously with olivine and clinopyroxene results in the depletion of residual magma in rare-earth elements and formation of low-REE- and HFSE ijolite and nepheline syenite derivatives. In contrast, the formation of the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series was complicated by mixing of olivine melanephelinite magma with small batches of phonolitic melt. This led to a change in crystallization order of REE-bearing titanates and Ti-silicates and accumulation of the most incompatible elements in the late batches of the melt. As a result, the Khibiny ijolites have the highest REE contents, which are accommodated by high-REE apatite and titanite.",
author = "A.A. Arzamastsev and L.V Arzamastseva",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1134/S0869591113020021",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "249--279",
journal = "Petrology",
issn = "0869-5911",
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T1 - Geochemical indicators of the evolution of the ultrabasic-alkaline series of Paleozoic massifs of the Fennoscandian shield

AU - Arzamastsev, A.A.

AU - Arzamastseva, L.V

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Rare-earth element distribution in the rocks and minerals of the olivinite-clinopyroxenitemelilitolite-melteigite-ijolite-nepheline syenite series was analyzed to study the evolution trends of the alkaline-ultrabasic series of the Kola province. The contents of REE and some other trace elements were determined in olivine, melilite, clinopyroxene, nepheline, apatite, perovskite, titanite, and magnetite. It was established that distribution of most elements in the rocks of the Kovdor, Afrikanda, Vuoriyarvi, and other massifs differ from that in the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series, being controlled by perovskite crystallization. Primary olivine-melanephelinite melts of the minor ultrabasic-alkaline massifs are characterized by the early crystallization of perovskite, the main REE-Nb-Ta-Th-U depository. Precipitation of perovskite simultaneously with olivine and clinopyroxene results in the depletion of residual magma in rare-earth elements and formation of low-REE- and HFSE ijolite and nepheline syenite derivatives. In contrast, the formation of the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series was complicated by mixing of olivine melanephelinite magma with small batches of phonolitic melt. This led to a change in crystallization order of REE-bearing titanates and Ti-silicates and accumulation of the most incompatible elements in the late batches of the melt. As a result, the Khibiny ijolites have the highest REE contents, which are accommodated by high-REE apatite and titanite.

AB - Rare-earth element distribution in the rocks and minerals of the olivinite-clinopyroxenitemelilitolite-melteigite-ijolite-nepheline syenite series was analyzed to study the evolution trends of the alkaline-ultrabasic series of the Kola province. The contents of REE and some other trace elements were determined in olivine, melilite, clinopyroxene, nepheline, apatite, perovskite, titanite, and magnetite. It was established that distribution of most elements in the rocks of the Kovdor, Afrikanda, Vuoriyarvi, and other massifs differ from that in the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series, being controlled by perovskite crystallization. Primary olivine-melanephelinite melts of the minor ultrabasic-alkaline massifs are characterized by the early crystallization of perovskite, the main REE-Nb-Ta-Th-U depository. Precipitation of perovskite simultaneously with olivine and clinopyroxene results in the depletion of residual magma in rare-earth elements and formation of low-REE- and HFSE ijolite and nepheline syenite derivatives. In contrast, the formation of the Khibiny ultrabasic-alkaline series was complicated by mixing of olivine melanephelinite magma with small batches of phonolitic melt. This led to a change in crystallization order of REE-bearing titanates and Ti-silicates and accumulation of the most incompatible elements in the late batches of the melt. As a result, the Khibiny ijolites have the highest REE contents, which are accommodated by high-REE apatite and titanite.

U2 - 10.1134/S0869591113020021

DO - 10.1134/S0869591113020021

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 249

EP - 279

JO - Petrology

JF - Petrology

SN - 0869-5911

ER -