Generation and NMR Study of Short-Lived and Reactive Trifluoroalkyl Carbocations of the α-Halogenothiophene Series in Brønsted Superacids: Reactions of the Cations with Arenes

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

Protonation of oxygen in the side chain of the Me3SiO group (followed by the elimination of Me3SiOH) and protonation of the thiophene ring in 2-chloro(or bromo)-5-(1′-Me3SiO-1′-trifluoromethyl-alkyl)thiophenes in Brønsted superacids (CF3SO3H, FSO3H) gave rise to short-lived and reactive trifluoroalkyl carbocations of the thiophene series. These cations were studied by low-temperature NMR spectroscopy in the superacids, which shed light on their reactivity and reaction mechanisms. The cations may react with (hetero)aromatic π-nucleophiles in various directions, depending on their structures as well as the reaction temperature and time. These transformations resulted in the formation of novel fluoro-organics of the thiophene family, namely, products of arylation of both the thiophene system and its side chain, hydrodehalogenation of halothiophenes, or electrophilic "dimerization".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5872-5883
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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