Formation of artificial opals viewed in situ by X-ray grazing insidence diffraction

A.V. Chumakova, A.A. Mistonov, A.A. Vorobiev, A.P. Chumakov, N.A. Grigoryeva, N.A. Sapoletova, K.S. Napolskii, A.A. Eliseev, S.V. Grigoriev

Research output

2 Citations (Scopus)


Formation of artificial opal films by a vertical deposition method was in situ studied using the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction technique. Monodisperse spherical polymethyl methacrylate particles (200 nm in diameter) were deposited on the polished Si substrate from an aqueous suspension. The ordering of particles on a fixed area of the substrate located in turn in the bulk suspension under the meniscus and in the air was continuously monitored by the X-ray scattering upon moving the meniscus down owing to evaporation of the solvent. The triple air-liquid-solid phase boundary, i.e. the top line of the meniscus, is identified as the most probable location of the crystallization process. The analysis of observed Bragg reflections and the particle form-factor indicates that the obtained artificial opal-like structures are composed of the spheres arranged in a close-packed hexagonal layers parallel to the substrate. The characteristic correlation length along the normal to the substrate of 550 ± 100 nm is obt
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1239
JournalJournal of Surface Investigation X-Ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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