The article is devoted to the study of the stages of forest recultivation of overburden dumps of the Kingisepp phosphorite field's breed located in the North-West of the Russian Federation. 5 test areas with a total area of 63.7 hectares were laid to study the different stages of recultivation. In the course of the study, the author's team identified four conditional stages of the formation of the spruce community of the forest recultivation of overburden dumps breed. The first stage, which has the conditional name '10 years' is newly planted spruce trees on the recultivation territory. The second stage of the formation of the spruce community ('20 years') is that the European spruce passes into the stand. The third stage of community formation ('30 years') consists in the growth of all plantings to the level of a stand and in the creation of a birch-spruce or spruce-birch forest, since at the age of more than 30 years European spruce in recultivation by itself territories can occupy up to 50% of the stand. At the fourth stage, spruces displace birch trees from the community, remaining almost the only representative of the tree layer.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|
|State||Published - Sep 2021|
|Event||International Forestry Forum "Forest ecosystems as global resource of the biosphere: calls, threats, solutions" - Voronezh, Russian Federation|
Duration: 9 Sep 2021 → 10 Sep 2021