Flows of real gas in nozzles with unsteady local energy supply

N. A. Brykov, V. N. Emelyanov, A. G. Karpenko, K. N. Volkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


When gas flows at a high speed in a channel with a variable cross sectional area and high-intensity energy supply, it experiences complicated physical and chemical processes producing high-temperature gas effects. High-temperature gas effects are a key issue related to design and optimization of nozzles of plasmatron of alternating current. The finite volume method is applied to solve unsteady compressible Euler equations with high-temperature gas effects. Solutions of some benchmark test cases are reported, and comparison between computational results of chemically equilibrium and perfect air flowfields is performed. The results of numerical simulation of one-dimensional and two-dimensional under- and over-expanded nozzle flows with a moving region of energy supply are presented. Output nozzle parameters are calculated as functions of a number and time of burning of plasmatron arcs. The results obtained show a qualitative pattern of gas dynamics and thermal processes in the nozzle with unsteady energy supply demonstrating the displacement of the nozzle shock wave towards the nozzle outlet in the over-expanded nozzle flow in comparison to perfect gas flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-724
Number of pages23
JournalComputers and Mathematics with Applications
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Energy supply
  • Nozzle
  • Plasmatron
  • Real gas
  • Shock wave
  • AIR


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