Female immigration in Russia: Social risks and prevention

Veronika Romanenko, Olga Borodkina

Research output

1 Citation (Scopus)


There is an increasing number of female migrants among the international migrants in Russia. The purpose of this study is to identify the social risks female migrants face. Statistics and data from surveys were analyzed, interviews were held with experts providing practical assistance to women and focus groups were conducted with female migrants. The employment sector in which young female migrants face the most risks and are likely to work illegally is commercial sex services. The social risks are mainly related to a lack of knowledge about the culture, their illegal status; risky behavior is also a big issue. The conclusion is that the social risks are linked to the gender asymmetry existing in the labor market and to the more vulnerable position of women with regard to sexual exploitation and trafficking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-187
Number of pages14
JournalHuman Affairs
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Philosophy
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science

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